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Musical Institutions Before 1870
It is not by any means the oldest and most celebrated musical institutions which have taken the largest share in this evolution of music in the last thirty years.
French And German Music
This is what Germany has done. She has let loose a flood of music, and is about to be drowned in it.
Claude Debussy - Pelléas et Mélisande
The symphonic fabric of Pelléas et Mélisande differs just as widely from Wagner's dramas. With Wagner it is a living thing that springs from one great root, a system of interlaced phrases whose powerful growth puts out branches in every direction, like an oak.
New Musical Institutions
Before 1870, French music had already in the Opera and the Opéra-Comique (without counting the various endeavours of the Théâtre Lyrique) an outlet which was nearly enough for the needs of her dramatic productions.
Grand Symphony Concerts
Although it was an urgent matter that young French composers should unite to withstand the general indifference of the public, it was more urgent still that that indifference should be attacked, and that music should be brought within reach of ordinary people.
Schola Cantorum
The Lamoureux Concerts had served their pur-pose, and, in their turn, their heroic mission came to an end. They had forced Wagner on Paris ; and Paris, as always, had overshot the mark, and could swear by no one but Wagner.
Chamber Music Societies
On parallel lines with the big symphony concerts and the new conservatoires, societies were formed to spread the knowledge of, and form a taste for, chamber-music. This music, so common in Germany, was almost unknown in Paris before 1870.
Musical Learning And The University
While this movement was going on in the artistic world, scholars were taking their share in it, and music was beginning to invade the University.
Music And The People
Thus music had almost come back to its own, as far as the higher kind of teaching and the intellectual world were concerned. It remained for a place to be found for it in other kinds of teaching ; for there, and especially in secondary education, its advance was less sure.
The Present Condition Of French Music
We have seen how the musical education of France is going on in theatres, in concerts,- in schools, by lectures and by books ; and the Parisian's rather restless desire for knowledge seems to be satisfied for the moment.
The Diamond
The diamond sparkles and flashes whenever and wherever the light finds it, while the generations which successively enjoyed its beauty, fade and are forgotten.
Diamonds Commercially
FEW people recognize the influence which the diamond has had in the world's affairs. Generally it is regarded as a bauble simply: a star to shine in the lighter realms of love and pleasure, but outside the plane of rugged forces which are supposed to govern the serious interests of life.
The Growth of The Diamond Trade
FOR centuries, probably thousands of years, diamonds were a royal perquisite. They blazoned the regal state of Oriental princes, and were a sign of autocratic power. Ordinary trade in them was confined to small and poor stones and the few fine ones which escaped the requisitions of the rulers where they were found.
Celebrated Diamonds
THE history of some of the world's celebrated diamonds is founded entirely upon tradition. Eliminate the records in which authorities differ, and the stories which are alike attached by one writer to one stone, and by another to some other stone, and there is little left.
Celebrated Diamonds - Continued
A DIAMOND, included in all lists of the celebrated stones of the world, is variously quoted as the lblattam, the Matan and the Rajah of Mattan, and is so named because owned by the rajahs of that territory, in whose family it remains.
Inherent Qualities Of The Diamond And Diamond Cutting
THE qualities which make a diamond so supremely beautiful are those which husband and coquette with light. As trembling dewdrops, restless waters, or the windows of a far-off cottage, receive the sun's rays and signal his glory far and wide with their flashlights, so the diamond makes an altar for the light of the atmosphere.
Diamonds - Color And Flaws
To find flaws, use a jeweler's double loup with an inch focus; if that is not at hand, blow the breath quickly on the stone while it is cold, and search for them while the resulting mist lasts.
The Diamond Mines Of India
IT is not known when diamonds were first mined in India. As far as we know, all the diamonds of ancient times came from that country. It is possible, however, that some came from Africa. All discoveries of diamonds throughout the world in alluvial deposits, of which we have cognizance, were made by men while washing the sands and gravels for gold.
Diamonds Mines Of Brazil
DIAMONDS were first discovered in Brazil by natives while washing the sands for gold, in the early part of the eighteenth century. The year 1725 is given as the date, but they were not recognized until 1727 and may have been found even earlier.
Diamond Mining
IN the middle eighties, a Mr. Gilkes, while prospecting for gold in the interior of British Guiana, found a diamond. At that time the enormous development of the diamond mines of Africa from the chance finding of a single stone, had already attracted universal attention and prospectors were not slow to follow any similar lead.
Diamond Mines Of South Africa
The discovery of the African diamond fields, which has not only founded the fortunes of thousands throughout the world, but has also become a potent factor in the creation of a new empire, is usually ascribed to the chance finding of a diamond among a Boer child's play-things, and as the circumstance that first gets into print, or being in print, happens to be most widely quoted, becomes history, this will probably be accepted as an historical fact.
Diamond Mines Of South Africa Continued
FROM the discovery of diamonds in Africa until 1884, there are no records by which one may know with certainty what the production was, either in weight or in value.
Diamond Mines - The Dutoitspan
DIAMONDS had been found in the dry bed of a stream on the Jagersfontein in August, but the first opening on a diainondiferous volcanic pipe in Africa was made in 1870, when .prospectors discovered diamonds on the Du Toit's Pan, owned by a Boer farmer named Van Wyk.
Diamond Mines - The Bultfontein
Rumors had come to the ear of Cornelis du Plooy on his farm, the Bultfontein, that north of him toward the Vaal river, men were picking stones out of the earth and selling them for money, sometimes getting more for one stone than a man would have to pay for a tract of land larger than his own wide stretch of brush and gravel.
Diamond Mines - The De Beers
The De Beers diamond mine is about one mile east from the Kimberley and in the central part of the city of Kimberley.
Diamond Mines - The Kimberley
Gardner F. Williams, in The Diamond Mines of South Africa, says that when the claims on these four mines were consolidated by purchase, the open-mine surface was figured to be: Kimberley, 33 acres; De Beers, 22 acres; Dutoitspan, 45 acres; Bultfontein, 36 acres.
Diamond Mines - The Jagersfontein
This mine is in the Orange River Colony, formerly the Orange Free State, near Fauresmith and the Riet river, and about eighty miles south and a little east of Kimberley.
Diamond Mines - The Wesselton
The name Wesselton is now given to clean, well-made cut diamonds, with a quality rating between top crystal and Jagers.
Diamond Mines - The Premier Diamond Mine
The greatest known diamond mine in the world is the Premier of the Transvaal, South Africa. In extent it is nearly as large as the four De Beers Consolidated Mines combined, and though the yield of diamonds per load of diamondiferous material is not now as great as that of some others, its yield in the aggregate can be made at will much larger than that of any other, and at considerably less expense.
Diamond Mines - Roberts Victor Mine
For several reasons the Roberts-Victor mine is one of the most important of the new mines of South Africa. Its initial capital is £160,000, divided in one pound shares.
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