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Sperm Whales
An interesting species of whale found in the Gulf of St. Lawrence is the Baluga or White Whale, not often exceeding fifteen feet in length, and pure white or light cream in colour.
This is the most numerous family of the Cetacea, but contains species of moderate or comparatively small size. There are generally teeth in both upper and under jaws.
Toothless Animals
ALL the animals belonging to this order are inhabitants of warm countries, and are either toothless or furnished with teeth of uniform shape and size, but destitute of either roots or enamel, and never occupying the front of the mouth. They have usually, however, large claws for climbing, scraping, and digging.
Ant Eaters
These animals have long thick hair and a bushy tail, and no teeth. The snout is long and tapering, the tongue long and slender, and covered with adhesive saliva, to which adhere the ants and other insects on which the animals feed.
These are comparatively small animals, inhabitants of tropical or subtropical America, and characterised by the thick and bony armour covering the upper parts of the body. This armour is not in a solid piece, but is arranged in a series of bony plates, over-lapping at the edges, and between the plates coarse stiff hairs project in all directions.
These animals somewhat resemble the preceding family in habits, and are armoured, but instead of being covered with plates, they are provided with large overlapping scales, between which grow scanty hairs.
The Cape Ant-eater, or Aardvark, is common in South Africa. It is about five feet in length, including the tail, and is almost devoid of hair, having only a few bristles here and there over the brown hide.
Pouched Animals
THIS is a very distinct order of mammals, but containing species which vary widely in general appearance, all, however, possessing certain characters in common. Chief among these is a pouch of skin in front of the body of the female to which the young are transferred immediately after birth, and where they remain, secure from danger, until able to shift for themselves.
The largest and most important group of marsupials are the Kangaroos, confined to Australia and the adjacent islands, remarkable for the curious structure of the limbs and tail.
These are animals of moderate size, which are con-fined to Australia, New Guinea, and the adjacent is-lands. They are thickly clothed with hair, and the tail is large and more or less prehensile.
The Wombats are the most rodent-like in form of all the marsupials, the head being like that of a beaver, although the legs and feet are singularly bear-like.
THE last, but not the least interesting order of mammals, is the Monotremata, distinguished from all the others by the fact that they lay eggs instead of producing living young, and also by their somewhat bird-like beaks, or bills.
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