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Dutchman's Breeches; White Hearts; Soldier's Cap; Ear-drops
Flowers—White, tipped with yellow, nodding in a 1-sided raceme.
Squirrel Corn
Flowers—Irregular, greenish white tinged with rose, slightly fragrant, heart-shaped, with 2 short rounded spurs, over 1/2 in. long, nodding on a slender scape.
Bulbous or Spring Cress
Flowers—White, about 1/2 in. across, clustered in a simple terminal raceme.
Two-leaved Toothwort; Crinkle-root
Flowers—White, about 1/2 in. across, in a terminal loose cluster, the formation of each similar to that of bulbous cress.
Shepherd's Purse; Mother's Heart
Flowers—Small, white, in a long loose raceme, followed by triangular and notched (somewhat heart-shaped) pods, the valves boat-shaped and keeled.
Vernal Whitlow-grass
Flowers—Very small, white, distant, growing on numerous scapes 1 to 5 in. high ; in formation each flower is similar to all the mustards, except that the 4 petals are 2-cleft, destroying the cross-like effect.
Round-leaved Sundew; Dew-plant
Flowers—Small, white, growing in a 1-sided, curved raceme of buds chiefly.
Early Saxifrage
Rooted in clefts of rock that, therefore, appears to be broken by this vigorous plant, the saxifrage shows rosettes of fresh green leaves in earliest spring, and soon whitens with its blossoms the most forbidding niches.
False Mitrewort; Coolwort; Foam-Flower; Nancy-over-the-Ground
Fuzzy, bright white foam-flowers are most conspicuous in the forest when seen against their unevenly colored leaves that carpet the ground.
Carolina Grass of Parnassus
What's in a name? Certainly our common grass of Parnassus, which is no grass at all, never starred the meadows round about the home of the Muses, nor sought the steaming savannas of the Carolinas.
Whether the nurserymen agree with Dr. Gray or not when he says these balls of white flowers possess no beauty, the fact remains that numbers of the shrubs are sold for ornament, especially a golden-leaved variety.
Meadow-Sweet; Quaker Lady; Queen-of-the-Meadow
In as much as perfume serves as an attraction to the more highly specialized, aesthetic insects, not required by the spiraeas, our meadow-sweet has none, in spite of its misleading name.
Wild Red Raspberry
Who but the bees and such small visitors care about the raspberry blossoms ? Notwithstanding the nectar secreted in a fleshy ring for their benefit, comparatively few insects enter the flowers, whose small, erect petals imply no hospitable welcome.
High Bush Blackberry; Brambl
The Dewberry or Low Running Blackberry (R. Canadensis), that trails its woody stem by the dusty roadside, in dry fields, and on sterile, rocky hillsides, calls forth maledictions from the bare-footed farmer's boy, except during June and July, when its prickles are freely forgiven it in consideration of the delicious, black, seedy berries it bears.
Creeping Dalibarda
This delicate blossom, which one might mistake for a white violet among a low tuft of violet-like leaves, shows its rose kinship by its rule of five and its numerous stamens.
Virginia Strawberry
No one will confuse our common, fruiting species with the small, yellow-flowered Dry or Barren Strawberry (Waldsteinia fragarioides), more nearly related to the cinquefoils.
White Avens
Small bees and flies, attracted to sheltered, shady places by these loosely scattered flowers at the ends of zig-zagged stems, pay for the nectar they sip from the disk where the stamens are inserted, by carrying some of the pollen lunch on their heads from the older to the younger flowers, which mature stigmas first.
Red Choke-berry; Dogberry Tree
Another common species often found in the same haunts, the Black Choke-berry (A. nigra), with similar flowers, the berries very dark purple, was formerly confounded with the red choke-berry.
June-berry; Service-berry; May-cherry
The Shad-bush or Swamp Sugar-pear (A. Botryapium), be-cause it was formerly accounted a mere variety (oblongifolia) of the preceding species, still shares with it its popular names; but swamps, river banks, brook sides, and moist thickets are its habitat.
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