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Calopogon, Grass Pink
Fortunately this lovely orchid, one of the most interesting of its highly organized family, is far from rare, and where we find the rose pogonia and other bog-loving relatives growing, the Calopogon usually outnumbers them all.
Common Persicaria, Pink Knotweed, Smartweed
Seaside or Coast Jointweed or Knot-grass - a low, slender, wiry, diffusely spreading little plant, with thread-like leaves seated on its much jointed stem - rises cleanly from out the sand of the coast from Maine to Florida, and the shores of the Great Lakes.
Corn Cockle, Corn or Red Campion
Bees and some long-tongued flies seen about the corn cockle doubtless get pollen only. But there are few flowers so deep that the longest-tongued bees cannot sip them. Butterflies, attracted by the bright color of the flower, are guided by a few dark lines on the petals to the nectary.
Wild Pink or Catchfly
The pink, which has two sets of stamens of five each, elevates first one set, then the other, for economy's sake and to run less risk of failure to get its pollen transferred in case of rain when its friends are not flying.
Soapwort, Bouncing Bet
A stout, buxom, exuberantly healthy lassie among flowers is Bouncing Bet, who long ago escaped from gardens whither she was brought from Europe, and ran wild beyond colonial farms to roadsides, along which she has travelled over nearly our entire area.
Deptford Pink
The Deptford pink, a rather insignificant little European immigrant, without fragrance, has a decided charm, nevertheless, when seen in bright patches among the dry grass of early autumn, with small butterflies, that are its devoted admirers, hovering above.
Pink or Pale Corydalis
Dainty little pink sacs, yellow at the mouth, hang upside down along a graceful stem, and instantly suggest the Dutchman's breeches, squirrel corn, bleeding heart, and climbing fumitory, to which the plant is next of kin.
Hardhack, Steeple Bush
An instant's comparison shows the steeple bush to be closely related to the fleecy, white meadow-sweet, often found growing near. The pink spires, which bloom from the top downward, have pale brown tips where the withered flowers are, toward the end of summer.
Purple-flowering or Virginia Raspberry
To be an unappreciated, unloved relative of the exquisite wild rose, with which this flower is so often likened, must be a similar misfortune to being the untalented son of a great man, or the unhappy author of a successful first book never equalled in later attempts.
A stately, beautiful native plant, seen to perfection where it rears bright panicles of bloom above the ranker growth in the low moist meadows of the Ohio Valley.
Wild Roses
In spite of its American Indian name, the lovely white Cherokee rose that runs wild in the South, climbing, rambling and rioting with a truly Oriental abandon and luxuriance, did indeed come from China.
Common Red, Purple, Meadow, or Honey-suckle Clover
Farmers here are beginning to learn the value of the beautiful Crimson, Carnation, Italian Clover, or Napoleons, and happily there are many fields and waste places in the East already harboring the brilliant runaways.
Goat's Rue or Wild Sweet Pea
Flowers far less showy and attractive than this denizen of sandy waste lands, a cousin of the wisteria vine and the locust tree, have been introduced to American gardens.
Trailing Bush Clover
Perhaps the commonest of the tribe is the Violet Bush Clover, a variable, branching, erect, or spreading plant, sometimes only a foot high, or again three times as tall.
Wild or Spotted Geranium or Crane's-Bill
In barren soil, from Canada to the Gulf, and far westward, the Carolina Crane's-Bill, an erect, much-branched little plant resembling the spotted geranium in general features, bears more compact clusters of pale rose or whitish flowers, barely half an inch across.
Herb Robert
At any time the herb gives forth a disagreeable odor, but especially when its leaves and stem have been crushed until they emit a resinous secretion once an alleged cure for the plague.
White or True Wood-sorrel, Alleluia
Oxalis, the Greek for sour, applies to all sorrels because of their acid juice. Alleluia, another folk-name, refers to the joyousness of the Easter season, when the plant comes into bloom in England.
Violet Wood-sorrel
As a family the wood-sorrels have great interest for botanists since Darwin devoted such exhaustive study to their power of movement, and many other scientists have described the several forms assumed by perfect flowers of the same species to secure cross-fertilization.
Milkwort, Purple Polygala
Plants of this genus were named polygala, the Greek for much milk, not because they have milky juice—for it is bitter and clear—but because feeding on them is supposed to increase the flow of cattle's milk.
Fringed Milkwort or Polygala, Gay Wings
Unlike the common milkwort and many of its kin that grow in clover-like heads, each one of the gay wings has beauty enough to stand alone. Its oddity of structure, its lovely color and enticing fringe, lead one to suspect it of extraordinary desire to woo some insect that will carry its pollen from blossom to blossom.
Swamp Rose-mallow, Mallow Rose
Marsh Mallow, a name frequently misapplied to the swamp rose-mallow, is properly given to a much smaller pink flower and a far rarer one, being a naturalized immigrant from Europe found only in the salt marshes from the Massachusetts coast to New York.
Marsh St. John's Wort
Late in the summer, after the rather insignificant pink flowers have withered, this low plant, which almost never lacks some color in its green parts, greatly increases its beauty by tinting stems, leaves, and seed vessels with red.
Meadow-beauty, Deer Grass
Suggesting a brilliant magenta evening primrose in form, the meadow-beauty is likewise a rather niggardly bloomer, only a few flowers in each cluster opening at once.
Great or Spiked Willow-herb
The Great Hairy Willow-herb, whose white tufted seeds came over from Europe in the ballast to be blown over Ontario and the Eastern States, spreads also by underground shoots, until it seems destined to occupy wide areas.
Bog Wintergreen
Fragrant colonies of this little plant cuddled close to the moss of cool, northern peat bogs draw forth our admiration when we go orchid hunting in early summer.
Pipsissewa, Prince's Pine
A lover of winter indeed is the prince's pine, whose beautiful dark leaves keep their color and gloss in spite of snow and intense cold.
Wild Honeysuckle, Wild Azalea, Pinxter-flower
Woods and hillsides are glowing with fragrant, rosy masses of this lovely azalea, the Pinxter-bloem or Whitsunday flower of the Dutch colonists, long before the seventh Sunday after Easter.
A superficial glance at this low, little, thin shrub might mistake it for a magenta variety of the leafless Pinxter-flower. It does its best to console the New Englanders for the scarcity of the magnificent rhododendron, with which it was formerly classed.
Rhododendron, Great Laurel, Rose Tree, or Bay
Farther south the more purplish-pink or lilac-flowered Carolina Rhododendron flourishes. This southern shrub, which is perfectly hardy, unlike its northern sister, has been used by cultivators as a basis for producing the fine hybrids now so extensively grown on lawns.
Mountain or American Laurel, Broad-leaved Kalmia
The Pale or Swamp Laurel (K. glauca), found in cool bogs from Newfoundland to New Jersey and Michigan, and westward to the Pacific Coast, coats the under side of its mostly upright leaves with a smooth whitish bloom like the cabbage's.
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