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San Antonio De Padua
San Antonio appeals to me more than any other of the Missions. There is a pathetic dignity about the ruins, an unexpressed claim for sympathy in the perfect solitude of the place that is almost overpowering.
San Gabriel, Arcangel
We have already seen that San Gabriel, the fourth Mission, was founded September 8, 1771. The natives gave cheerful assistance in bringing timber, erecting the wooden buildings, covering them with tules, and constructing the stockade enclosure which surrounded them.
San Luis, Obispo De Tolosa
In 1794 certain of the neophytes of San Luis and La Purisima conspired with some gentiles to incite the Indians at San Luis to revolt, but the arrest and deportation of fifteen or twenty of the ringleaders to Monterey, to hard labor at the presidio, put a stop to the revolt.
San Francisco De Asis
THE story of Bucareli's determination to found a presidio at San Francisco, and Anza's march with the colonists for it from Sonora, has already been recounted.
San Juan Capistrano
The stone-work facings at San Juan Capistrano are more elaborate than at any other Mission. The few specimens illustrated show that the mason was a master crafts-man, and he was given every opportunity to display his skill.
Santa Clara De Asis
The present is the third site occupied by Santa Clara. The Mission was originally established some three miles away, near Alviso, at the headwaters of the San Francisco Bay, near the river Guadalupe, on a site called by the Indians So-co-is-u-ka (laurel wood).
San Buenaventura
Reports such as these had kept Serra in a constant ferment to establish the long-promised Mission there, so we can imagine it was with intense delight that he received a call from Governor Neve, who, in February, 1782, informed him that he was prepared to proceed at once to the founding of the Missions of San Buenaventura and Santa Barbara.
Santa Barbara
A few days later he, with Padre Serra, and a number of soldiers and officers started up the coast, and, selecting a site known to the Indians, after the name of their chief, Yanonalit, established the presidio of Santa Barbara.
La Purisima Concepcion
ALTHOUGH the date of the founding of this Mission is given as December 8, 1787, for that was the day on which Presidente Lasuen raised the Cross, blessed the site, celebrated mass, and preached a dedicatory sermon, there was no work done for several months, owing to the coming on of the rainy season.
Santa Cruz
JASUEN found matters far easier for him in the founding of Missions than did Serra in his later years. The Viceroy agreed to pay $1000 each for the expenses of the Missions of Santa Cruz and La Soledad, and $200 each for the travelling expenses of the four missionaries needed.
La Soledad
On the 24th of July, 1814, Governor Arrillaga, who had been taken seriously ill while on a tour of inspection, and had hurried to Soledad to be under the care of his old friend, Padre Ibanez, died there, and was buried, July 26, under the centre of the church.
San Jose De Guadalupe
The mountain Indians near San Jose did not like the presence of the missionaries, consequently the padres were apprehensive of trouble from the very start. Yet nothing of a serious nature occurred until January, 1805.
San Juan, Bautista
THE second of the filling up the links of the chain Missions was that of San Juan Bautista.
San Miguel, Arcangel
LASUEN'S third Mission, of 1797, was San Miguel, located near a large rancheria named Sagshpileel, and on the site called Vahia.
San Fernando, Rey De Espagna
At San Fernando, on January 16, a force of about 270 men under Rocha were massed to arrest Alvarado's march upon Los Angeles, and Alcalde Sepulveda issued an address calling upon the citizens to defend the honor of their beloved country against the Monterey usurper.
San Luis, Rey De Francia
The last Mission of the century, the last of Lasuen's administration, and the last south of Santa Barbara, was that of San Luis Rey.
Santa Ines
Commandant Carrillo, and the soldiers, and a large number of neophytes from Santa Barbara, slowly marched over this mountainous road, into the woody recesses where nestled the future home of the Mission of Santa Ines.
San Rafael, Arcangel
In spite of what Russian writers say to the contrary, there is little doubt but that the mortality of the neophytes in San Francisco led to the founding of San Rafael as a health measure.
San Francisco Solano
Fifty-four years after the founding of the first Franciscan Mission in California, the site was chosen for the twenty-first and last San Francisco Solano.
Mission Chapels Or Asistencias
Where buildings for worship were erected at these places they were called chapels, or asistencias. Some of these chapels still remain in use and the ruins of others are to be seen. The Mission of San Gabriel had four such chapels.
Los Angeles Chapel
As to when the first church was built in Los Angeles there seems to be some doubt. In 1811 authority was gained for the erection of a new chapel, but nowhere is there any account of a prior building.
Chapel At Santa Isabel (San Diego)
In 181619 the padres at San Diego urged the Governor to give them permission to erect a chapel at Santa Isabel, some forty miles away, where two hundred baptized Indians were living.
Chapel Of San Bernardino
There are a few ruined walls still standing of Bernardino at this time, but adobe rapidly disappears, and it will not be long before no smallest remnant will remain of this once prosperous and useful asistencia of the Mission of San Gabriel.
Chapel Of Santa Margarita (San Luis Obispo)
One of the ranchos of San Luis Obispo was that of Santa Margarita on the north side of the Sierra Santa Lucia. As far as I know there is no record of the date when the chapel was built.
Chapel Of San Antonio De Pala
The chapel at Pala is perhaps the best known of all the asistencias on account of its picturesque campanile. It was built by the indefatigable Padre Peyri, in 1816, and is about twenty miles from San Luis Rey.
The Present Condition Of The Mission Indians
July 7, 1846, saw the Mexican flag in California hauled down, and the Stars and Stripes raised in its place. But as far as the Indian was concerned, the change was for the worse instead of the better.
Distinctive Features Of Mission Architecture
The broader knowledge we gain of the Franciscan Mission structures, the greater becomes our respect for their architects and builders. Their boldness, originality, and diversity at once please and instruct us.
Interior Decorations Of The Missions
As examples of interior decoration, the Missions of San Miguel Arcangel and Santa Ines are the only ones that afford opportunity for extended study. At Santa Clara, the decorations of the ceiling were restored as nearly like the original as possible, but with modern colors and workmanship.
Furniture And Woodwork Of The Missions
Within the past few years, the term Mission Furniture has become current. But it has been accepted too freely, and without having been subjected to proper investigation.
Silver And Brass Ware Of The Missions
There are also six other silver candlesticks at Monterey which came from Carmelo. They are embossed and chased, or engraved in a manner that reminds one somewhat of the work of the Navaho silversmiths.
A Chapter Of Saints
It is not my purpose to expatiate upon the lives of the saints, but I thought it would be well in showing some of the pictures of the wooden figures of the saints that are to be found at the Missions.
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