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Introduction To South American Life
Undoubtedly the sense of beauty, the appreciation of what is artistic, is far more highly developed with South Americans than with us. It is hard to find in their countries ugliness in extended form.
The Geography Of South America
Perhaps a fact not generally known is that South America is greater in area than North America, and is situated to the east of the Northern Hemisphere.
South America - Fragments Of History
Brazil was one of the first parts of South America to be discovered, and the men who really found it were not Spaniards, but Portuguese, though Pinzon, a Spaniard from Palos, and one of the companions of Columbus, was the first European to see the new continent.
South America - The Wars Of Independence
The Spanish occupation of Peru was a conquest, not a colonization. The narrow plateau from Colombia to Chile and the adjacent dry valleys on the Pacific and in northwestern Argentina had been found fully populated by civilized races.
South America - The Geography Of The Isthmus
The province of Panama contains the third of the great natural harbors of the isthmus. San Miguel Bay, with its inner Darien Harbor, from the immense outer bay, is almost closed by a large island, on either side of which are deep, safe channels, the Boca Chico and the Boca Grande.
The Panamanians
This age-old hostility to the "Gringo" is deep-rooted. Differences in language, customs and religious practices keep the breach wide. So any description of the people is necessarily that of an outsider.
Panama - Events Leading To Independence
The history of Panama is for the most part identified with that of Colombia, of which republic it was until recently a province.
The Mountain Republics Of South America
On the western slope of the Andes are Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Chile, which have been designated as the Mountain Republics. Of these Colombia is the northernmost and the only one touching both the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans.
Peru - The People And Their Increase
The Italians have been very successful in Peru in retail trade and in some of the mechanical employments, but the conditions also are favorable for them in agricultural pursuits. The vineyards in the region around Pisco and Ica seem to afford an especially inviting field for them.
Peru's Growth And Government
In the passing of years the constitution of Peru will be amended so as to welcome Protestantism, though the Roman Catholic Church will remain the state church.
Chile And Chilean Conditions
Chile herself is not a country of great private fortunes. One or two families have been enriched by mines, a half-dozen by banking and commercial development, a larger number by nitrates. But when it is all said, the Chilean hundred families are kin of moderate means.
Argentine Types, Manners, And Morals
Buenos Aires is the least colonial-looking of any place in South America, but at the same time the Argentino refuses to be simply a Spaniard transplanted although society, in Buenos Aires, traces its descent from the conquistadores.
Argentina - Life On The Pampas
In the Pampas, dwellings that look modest, and even less than modest, generally boast an easy-chair, a chest of drawers, with a clock, a sewing-machine, and gramophone, which, when fortune comes, is completed by a piano.
Venezuela And The Venezuelans
Venezuela resembles Mexico and the Andean republics of South America, differing from her Atlantic sisters in that she still retains as a working-class a large remnant of the aboriginal population which the earliest Spaniards discovered when they landed.
Some Characteristics Of The South American
Even in Argentina, where the census shows a more cosmopolitan population than in any other republic, the game of politics is controlled almost exclusively by Argentinos whose ancestors were Spaniards and Indians.
The Relation Of South America To Europe
South America might have been called after Columbus, as the first man who saw its terra firma. And North America might have received the name of Cabotia or Pinzonia or Ponceana, whichever navigator may be best entitled to be deemed its first and true discoverer.
The Founding Of The California Missions
Not the wildest conceptions of the Mission founders could have foreseen the results of their California enterprises.
Junepero Serra And His Coadjutors
To the indomitable energy of Galvez, the California Missions owed much, but his work was largely initial. It required the steady, patient, constant labors of men on the ground, to see that the plans so carefully formulated were carried out.
Indians And The Coming Of The Padres
Cabrillo was the first white man whom we know visited the Indians of the coast of California. He made his memorable journey in 1542-3.
Indians Under The Padres
There is no definite record as to when grapes, oranges, and other fruits were brought into California, but it is possible they were all brought up by way of the peninsula in the earliest of the expeditions (between 1769 and 1773).
Secularization Of The Missions
From the founding of the San Diego Mission in 1769, until about sixty years later, the padres were practically in undisturbed possession, administering affairs in accordance with the instructions issued by the viceroys and the mother house of Mexico.
San Diego De Alcala
The region of San Diego was well peopled. At the time of the founding there were eleven rancherias within a radius of ten leagues.
San Carlos Borbomeo
In 1779 a maritime event of importance occurred. The padres at San Carlos and the soldiers at Monterey saw a galleon come into the bay, which proved to be the " San Jose," from Manila.
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