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Dutch And Flemish Furniture
The houses of Holland, with their wonderful carving, were impressed upon the minds of Dutch and Flemish settlers, and if they could not reproduce those marvellous houses in their entirety they could at least make themselves furniture in keeping with their traditional prejudices and preferences.
American Furniture
What we mean by American furniture makers is that there were men who broke the traditional influence and settled down to produce furniture suitable to American surroundings and conditions.
Purely American Types
Rocking-chairs are peculiarly American, and in more recent days they had become an important feature in American furniture.
Furniture And Old Lacquer
It is generally conceded that the Chinese were the first to use native lacquer. The Japanese, however, early discovered the art, beginning to make it in the third century after their memorable expedition to the Corea.
Decorative Marqueterie
Metal intarsia is represented by many fine examples in the Victoria and Albert Museum, and also in the inlays and enamels of Anglo-Saxon days. Greek artists inlaid their chairs, seats, beds, and other objects with precious metals.
Furniture - The Chest Or Coffer
The marginal difference between a chest or a coffer is slight. It would appear, however, that while the chest was primarily an uncovered box, the coffer was regarded as of somewhat greater importance in that it was chiefly the receptacle for valuables.
Chest Of Drawers, Bureaus, And Bookcases
The old style of carved ornament seen upon the fronts of chests and upon double-chests, when the upper parts opened like cupboards, was quite unsuited to the fronts of drawers.
Chair And Settees
The evolution of the seat —chair, stool, couch, and settee— is one of the most fascinating romances connected with antique furniture.
Chairs - Fifteenth Century And Earlier
In the Middle Ages chairs were few. They were still the seats of honour coffers and benches and stools were used by others.
Chairs - Sixteenth Century
Women used cushions and sat on the floor during the sixteenth century. To the City of Pisa belongs the credit of having founded a new style in 1587, when light chairs with rush seats, especially suitable for women, were made.
Chairs - Seventeenth Century
The greatest change of the century in chair-making came after the Restoration. Italian and Spanish influence were noticeable in the artistic mode prevailing during the reign of Charles II.
Chairs - Eighteenth Century
At the commencement of the eighteenth century the high-backed narrow chairs were seen side by side with the Dutch chair. The Hogarth, as the chair was afterwards called, was supported by cabriole legs, then curving gracefully downwards, tapering towards the foot, which was often of hoof-like form.
Windsor And Other Chairs
The so-called Windsor chair, with its decorative splat, which was the central feature in the back, caught its inspiration from the Dutch chairs of Queen Anne's day.
Tables And Sideboards
The table must of necessity have been one of the earliest objects of household furniture, following closely, if not contemporary with, the primitive chair.
Bedsteads And Chamber Furniture
In each succeeding period wood bedsteads were made in accord with the then prevailing style. They became in turn decorative, plain, and richly upholstered. Sometimes the hangings, as in the extravagant periods of Louis XV of France, and Charles II of England, were of more importance than the bedstead.
Mirrors And Girandoles
The Ancients delighted in mirrors, and regarded them as essential toilet requisites long before the reflective silvered glass was known.
Cottage Furniture
The chief cottage furniture of the seventeenth century, and indeed in many instances of the early eighteenth century, consisted of little more than dresser, table, chairs, bedstead, and chest.
Furnishing Textiles
There are records of some very interesting examples of early English carpets in the inventories of household effects. Although no mention is made of the origin of textiles, it is probable that most of the early carpets were imported.
Antique Carpets
In this remarkable collection of oriental carpets and rugs is a heraldic carpet, obviously woven specially in Asia Minor, bearing date 1584. The pattern consists of panels of deep blue on which there are floral stems, and upon three lozenges the arms of Montagu.
Wall Coverings
The use of paint to imitate textiles upon walls was a well-known form of decoration which goes back to a very early date.
Upholstery And Needlework
The needle-worker preceded the upholsterer and ranked as of premier importance in the days when tapestry and needlework covered walls, and were used, as skins had been aforetime, to cover seats and serve as floor coverings.
Household Clocks
The early square dial grandfather clocks of the seventeenth century, encased in fine old oak, are of the eight-day type, and frequently have the simple seconds' pendulum, without any of the complicated compensations to which reference has been made.
Sedan Chairs
The sedan has long been removed from the list of chairs. There was a time, however, when the sedan chair was one of the beautiful appointments of wealthy households, and ladies and dandies sat in state as their footmen and lackeys, or their chairmen, carried them about.
Hearth Furniture And Cabinet Brass Work
The hearth place is at once the central attraction in a well-furnished home, and much metal-work may be seen upon the hearth. The mantel-piece itself is an architectural feature, which in earlier times was of stone or wood.
Old Musical Instruments
One of the finest collections of old instruments is to be seen in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. Some four thousand instruments of all kinds —the Crosby - Brown Collection — are there arranged.
Furniture - Miscellanea
The collector of furniture delights in these smaller accessories, which he gathers together partly on account of their beauty, rarity, or unique characteristics, and partly because they are so near akin to the furniture upon which he specialises.
Woods Used By Cabinet Makers
The English alder tree, the Alnus glutinosa, grows in wet and marshy soil. It has been much used for Windsor chairs of the hooped pattern, which in the eighteenth century were made with carved or fretted splats of alder.
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