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The Dog Of Montargis
The dog is much attached to its master; if it loses him it remembers him for a long time. I am going to give you an example so striking that it has been recorded in history.
The conditions necessary for the development of rabies, namely the mingling of the dog's saliva with our blood and its introduction into our veins, should always be in our minds if we wish to avoid a danger that threatens us even in the midst of seeming security.
The Cat
The cat entered our household long after the dog. Nevertheless its domestication took place very early. Ancient Egypt, the old land of the Pharaohs, has transmitted to us the most curious documents on this subject.
With wool we make mattresses and weave cloth, flannel, serge, in fact all the different fabrics best adapted for protecting us from the cold. It is far and away the most suitable material for clothing.
The Goat
Another breed, the Angora goat, almost rivals the Cashmere in fineness of down. It takes its name from the town of Angora in Turkey in Asia. Nothing could be more seductive in form than these little goats with their long silky fleece, always pure white.
The Ox
I have told you of ancient Egypt and its raising of marble temples to the bull, and I have also described its practice of bowing the forehead to the dust when the majestic beast passed with its retinue of attendants.
Milk contains three principal substances, namely cream, or fatty matter from which butter is made. Casein, or curds, used for making cheese. And, finally, a substance with a slightly sweet taste called sugar of milk. These three ingredients taken away, hardly anything is left but water.
The material necessary for making butter is cream, a fatty substance disseminated through the milk in excessively fine and almost invisible particles.
In the making of cheese the first step is to cause the milk to curdle. Lemon juice, vinegar, or any other acid would bring about this result, but it is customary to make use of another and much more efficacious liquid called rennet.
Gruyere cheese owes its name to a little village in the canton of Fribourg in Switzerland. In the Vosges, Jura, and Ain a great quantity of this cheese is made. This too is made of cows' milk.
The Pig
In various countries, Germany and England for example, smoking is practised on a large scale for curing beef as well as pork. Three or four rooms with low ceilings are connected with a fireplace at some distance, in which oak shavings and aromatic plants are burnt.
Pig's Measles
To determine whether a pig is thus affected, they feel the soft parts accessible to the hand—the walls of the mouth and especially the under side of the tongue, a favorite haunt of the hydatids.
A Persistent Parasite
Many members of the animal kingdom change their form in the course of their existence, and with the new structure adopt also a new way of living.
The Horse
The horse's neigh or whinny, as it is called, varies according to the feelings expressed. The whinny of delight is rather long, rising little by little, and ending in a shrill note.
The Horse Continued
Horses are classed, according to the rearing and training they have received, in two chief groups—saddle horses and draft horses. The first serve as mounts for riders, the second draw loads in vehicles.
The Donkey
The species of the horse and that of the ass are unmistakably distinct from each other and never cross in the wild state. Nevertheless, since they are very nearly related, as their close resemblance in form proves, cross-breeding between them is possible with careful management.
Hepplewhite's Furniture
The craftsman—His small models—Characteristics of Hepplewhite's works—" The Cabinet-maker and Upholsterer's Guide "—The firm's work—Some Hepplewhite examples.
Characteristics Of Hepplewhite's Furniture
As it has been seen, the most notable feature in the chairs made by Hepplewhite when he was advancing from the models he had before him, as given in earlier and con-temporary schools of design, was their lessened dimensions.
Hepplewhite - The Cabinet Maker And Upholsterer's Guide
In addition to those articles of furniture mentioned as indicating the characteristics of George Hepplewhite's style by which collectors and connoisseurs may identify their antiques, there are others which might be quoted as truly setting forth his handiwork.
Hepplewhite - The Firm's Work
From the foregoing descriptions and extracts from The Guide - we can form a very fair estimate of the basis upon which Mrs Hepplewhite and her colleagues continued to work after her husband's death.
Some Hepplewhite Examples
In the Victoria and Albert Museum at South Kensington there are comparatively few examples of furniture of the eighteenth century, and Hepplewhite is represented by but few.
Thomas Sheraton's Book Of Designs
IN that there is but little evidence that Thomas Sheraton ever worked as a master cabinet-maker, although he had undoubtedly some practical experience of the craft, his influence upon the trade of his day can only be judged by his books.
Sheraton's Early Career
Thomas Sheraton was born at Stockton-on-Tees about the year 1750. It would appear that he received little education in his boyhood, and probably like many of that day was early apprenticed, and taught the art of wood-working.
The Influences Governing Sheraton's Designs
The inlaid decorations of Sheraton's style were often mechanical, and the making of shells and paterce became almost a trade of itself, so great was the demand for such forms of ornament.
Sheraton - The Cabinet Maker And Upholsterer's Drawing Book
Such innovations would be welcomed by cabinet-makers of his day, and go a long way towards making them look favourably upon The Cabinet-maker and Upholsterer's Drawing Book, which, it should be noted, passed through three editions.
Sheraton - Materials And Inlays
Sheraton's designs were intended to be worked chiefly in mahogany, but in nearly every case Sheraton did not depend upon the base material. Whereas Chippendale had used the carver's tool to enrich the mahogany he fashioned so skilfully, Sheraton delighted in the inlays of rare woods and costly veneers.
Sheraton - Typical Pieces
As it has been shown, Thomas Sheraton was a designer rather than a craftsman, and he excelled in making working drawings and engravings, and in giving instructions about the accomplishment of his ideals, rather than in carrying out the work.
Other Furniture Makers
IN briefly reviewing the work of other manufacturers of furniture in the eighteenth century, and those later firms who traded at the commencement of the nineteenth century, it must not be inferred that their work was in any way inferior to contemporary makers of greater fame.
Victorian Furniture
The home connoisseur is influenced by curios of Victorian furniture and house furnishings by other motives than those which actuated him in buying ancient oak and the beautiful furniture of Chippendale and Hepplewhite.
American Furniture
The early furniture used in America before the Declaration of Independence is frequently denoted as Colonial. After that date it is distinguished as American.
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