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Leases
The time during which occupancy is to last is known as the term of the lease, or, technically, as the term. There is no limit to the term of a lease, as matter of law. It can be made for 999 years or for one year.
Adjustments At Closing
The adjusting of the closing of an exchange of real property is made upon the same principle as that just outlined. It is a debit and credit account.
Methods Employed In Valuation
The value of land is not what the owner can sell it for, but the actual value of land in its last analysis is based on the income, actual or potential, which is to be derived from the ownership of the property when it is adequately or appropriately improved.
The Surveyor's Relation To Real Estate
When dealing with land as the subject of commercial transactions or as an article of use it is important that the extent of the land be ascertained with minute accuracy, as well as the relation to the land of the structures upon it and surrounding it.
Work Of The Architect
The Architect's professional services consist of the necessary conferences, the preparation of preliminary studies, working drawings, specifications, large scale and full size detail drawings, and of the general direction and supervision of the work.
Problems Of Management
The management of real estate is really housekeeping on a large scale, and includes not only the deriving of income, but also the keeping down of expenses.
Unsettled Problems
In the real estate business there are a number of problems and questions upon which the people in the business disagree, and others upon which, if they do not actually disagree, they have at least not yet made up their minds.
The Rooster And The Hen
The cock and the hen, those invaluable members of our poultry-yards, came to us from Asia so long ago that the remembrance of their coming is lost. At the present day they have spread to all parts of the world.
The Gizzard
The third and last stomach is known as the gizzard. It is rounded and is slightly flattened on both sides, like a watch-case, and is composed—especially in birds that live on grain—of a very thick, fleshy wall.
The Chief Kinds Of Poultry
The common poultry, that which stocks the greater number of farms, belongs to the medium-sized breeds. Its plumage is of all colors, from white to red and black.
The Egg
In its nature the eggshell does not differ from common building-stone. Building-stone, marble, and chalk are at bottom the same substance, which is called lime, limestone, or carbonate of lime.
The Egg Continued
When you eat an egg boiled in the shell, break it carefully at the large end. If the egg is very fresh the white will be seen immediately under the shell without any empty space; but if it is old you will find an unoccupied hollow of varying size.
Incubation
The largest egg known is that of an enormous bird that formerly lived in the island of Madagascar, and of which the species appears today to have been completely destroyed. This bird is called the epyornis.
The Young Chickens
THE hatching of the eggs does not take place all at once; sometimes it is twenty-four hours before all the eggs are broken.
The Poulard
The poulard is only an ordinary hen artificially subjected to a kind of life that fattens it. All species do not lend themselves with equal success to this artificial fattening. The best known in this respect is that of la Flèche, which furnishes the celebrated poulard of Mans.
The Turkey
The domestic turkey is not much more than half as large as the wild one. And then what a difference in the plumage! Our poultry-yard fowl is of a uniform black or of a dull red, sometimes white. The bird of the wooded solitudes of the New World is splendid in costume.
The Guinea-Fowl
Many qualities recommend this bird to our notice. The eggs are excellent and numerous, a hundred and more annually. Its flesh is superior, veritable game, nearly equal to that of the pheasant and partridge, and yet the guinea-fowl is rare almost everywhere.
The Palmipedes
The palmipede, you see, is admirably protected against wet. Neither rain nor the finest drizzle can penetrate the first covering of feathers, always kept, as it is, well coated with the varnish laid on by the point of the beak.
The Duck
For a great many birds, and among them the duck, the archipelagoes of the North are a promised land, an earthly paradise. The most varied species meet here from all parts of the world.
The Wild Goose
The flight of a flock of geese is generally very high; they do not come near the ground except in foggy weather.
The Domestic Goose
The quilts that we call eiderdown are large coverlets filled with these very fine feathers. Those most in demand are made of the down of the eider-duck, and are so elastic and light that one can press and hold in two hands the quantity of down necessary for a large bed-coverlet.
The Pigeon
Wood-pigeons like to perch on dead branches at the tops of trees. During the cold winter mornings they stay there motionless, waiting for a little warmth to come with the rising sun and arouse them from their torpor.
A Story From Audubon
The passenger pigeon, or, as it is usually named in America, the wild pigeon, moves with extreme rapidity, propelling itself by quickly repeated flaps of the wing, which it brings more or less near the body, according to the degree of velocity which is required.
A Supposition
By the very force of circumstances, therefore, man in all countries is at first a hunter, later he becomes a herdsman, and ends by being an agriculturist. The dog is absolutely necessary to him, first for hunting, then for watching and defending the herd.
A Fragment Of History
In the earliest times of which history has preserved some vague record, what was one day to be the beautiful country of France was a wild country covered with immense forests, where, living by the chase, there wandered some few tribes of Gaels.
The Jackal
The jackal looks a little like the wolf, but is smaller and is harmless to man. Its coat is red, varied with white under the stomach and black on the back. It has a pointed muzzle and erect ears.
The Chief Breeds Of Dogs
Let us first mention the mastiff, vigilant guardian of the farmhouse and courageous protector of the flock. It is a robust, bold animal, tolerably large, with short hair on the back, longer under the belly and on the tail.
The Chief Breeds Of Dogs Continued
The spaniel owes the name it bears to its Spanish origin. This beautiful dog is characterized by its slender, moderately long head, by its long, wavy hair, particularly abundant on the ears, which are drooping and silky, and on the tail, which forms a tuft or plume.
The Various Uses Of Dogs
To guard the flock, drive away the wolf, discover game—those are the dog's great functions. But an intelligent dog can learn to do a thousand other things.
The Eskimo Dog
The whip is but rarely called into service to correct a too unruly dog, and it is chiefly with the voice that the driver guides his team. The leading dog is particularly attentive to the master's word.
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