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Assyrian Furniture
The furniture of Assyria has all perished, and it is only from sculptures that any of it can be reconstructed. Furniture pictured on paper only, or in the form of a reconstructed model, is of very little interest to the home connoisseur.
Furniture Of Ancient Greece
The knowledge of Greek furniture comes from sculptures, paintings, and from the somewhat scrappy information of the furnishings of Greek houses, obtained from Grecian writings.
Roman Furniture
The Romans used chiefly cedar and veneered their furniture with olive, box, ebony, Syrian terebinth, maple, palm, holly, elm, ash, and cherry.
Pompeii And Its Treasures
We owe much to Pompeii for our knowledge of Roman civilisation, the fulness of which has only in recent years been realised.
Anglo Saxon Furniture
Anglo-Saxon art was derived from two sources—the Continent of Europe and from Ireland. Thus it was that the classic art of the old Roman Empire which had prevailed in Britain during the Roman occupation passed away.
Mediaeval Home
IN tracing the ancient furniture which once served the needs of the people we are brought face to face with the materials they had at hand. We have to realise that in all the early trades of this country local supply sufficed for local demand.
The Castle And Its Furniture
To form some idea of the few pieces of furniture required in early mediaeval days, it is necessary to picture the castle, tower, or occasional residence of the baronial lord in those days when England was in a somewhat disturbed state, for petty warfares between powerful chieftains were of common occurrence.
Early Influences Upon Craftsmen
In the earlier mediaeval days there was a sharply defined line between fixed and movable furniture. The connection between the architect and the furniture maker was then very real.
The Renaissance
Its origin and the new interpretation—Italian Renaissance—The new art in Spain and Portugal—German Renaissance—The Netherlands —French Renaissance—The English Renaissance.
Italian Renaissance
For the first glimpse of the new art produced under such favourable conditions in Europe we turn naturally to Italy where the Renaissance took its rise.
The New Art In Spain And Portugal
This is very noticeable in the Renaissance of Spain and Portugal, which made itself felt towards the end of the fifteenth century—in its fuller development not until after the reconquest of Granada.
German Renaissance
The Empire of Germany as an empire did not exist in the days of the Renaissance. The peoples of the States now embodied in Germany and Austria chiefly included in the so-called Holy Roman Empire.
The Netherlands And The Renaissance
There was a close commercial connection between Flanders and England during the sixteenth century, and a consequent interchange of merchandise, resulting in the same influences being at work in arts and crafts.
Dutch Furniture
The history of Dutch furniture is closely allied to English furniture making, and especially to English furnishing, and in the chapter on the Age of Walnut Dutch influence is referred to.
French Renaissance
The French Renaissance produced a marvellous effect upon the art of the country. The inspiration of French artists came direct from Italy.
The English Renaissance
As it has been pointed out the Renaissance spread westward through Italy, France, Spain, and Germany. Its full force was not felt in England with the same rapidity that it had been in some of the other countries.
Carved Oak And Walnut Of The XVII-TH Century
BEFORE describing the household furniture used by the early English settlers in this country, it will be well for us to form a clear idea of the houses in which they lived.
Contents Of Dwellings Previous To 1650
We will now proceed to examine the contents of the dwellings previous to 1650.
The Looking Glass
The looking-glasses would cost about $20 each in present money. At this date, 1639, looking-glasses were found in very few houses, even in England, though, of course, metal mirrors were common enough.
The Bed
The bed standing in the parlour must have been a respectable article of furniture, since its value is set down at five times that of three kettles, the chest, the chair, and other household stuff.
The Wainscot
The wainscott settle and cheare were evidently of oak, the name, according to Skeat, being derived from the Low Danish wagenschot, the best kind of oak-wood, well-grained and without knots.
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