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Fifth Avenue - Trade Pursues Fashion
An 1886 estimate of the value of Central Park itself was $200,000,000, or thirty times the original purchase price of seventeen years before.
The Swank Fifties And Above
Even before business completed the conquest of the Thirty-fourth and Forty-second Street stretch on Fifth Avenue, a marathon of the rich pushed the fashionable residence section north of the latter cross street.
Oxcarts To Subways
New York's first regular street transportation, so tradition says, was by oxcart on Broadway as far north as Houston Street. Along this route passed slow-plodding animals drawing heavy, creaking wagons and carts, which were laden with farm produce on their way to town and with merchandise on the way north.
Going Up Elevators And Skyscrapers
The great landed fortunes of New York owe almost as much to the skyscraper and the elevator as they do to population pressure. The two are linked inseparably.
Fire Losses And Victories
Nearly every account of a Manhattan landmark ends with the melancholy words, destroyed by fire. Some of them were rebuilt again and again, but like the old Bowery Theatre, which went up in smoke four or five times, seemed fated to extinction by that tragic means.
Migrations To And On Manhattan
Immigrants came to America to better their condition, and also because those who hired them could profit by their entry. Never in all the history of the world had migrants shifted peacefully in such large numbers or over so wide a distance.
Boom, Slump, And Recovery
During the World War, New York City fell behind in its building, owing to shortage of men and materials. But as the nation's leading port its trade increased, and inflation had its usual effect on the greatest of all credit marts.
Trinity, Child Of Empire
The largest of Trinity's grants to other institutions was that of 1752 to King's College (chartered 1754), consisting of the tract between Murray and Barclay streets, and between Church Street and the Hudson, still referred to in the reports of Columbia University as the Lower Estate.
Alma Mater Prospera
The inhabitants of Manhattan took their own time in rallying to the cause of education, lagging behind Massachusetts, Virginia, and Connecticut in founding an institution of higher learning.
Gold Dust And Sea Spray
About 1800 he who strolled into rural Manhattan, following the rough track of Broadway for perhaps a mile north of the clustered habitations of the little city of New York, would have come to a fence of wooden palings near the present corner of Astor Place.
The Astors Grow Up With The Island
First of the Astors to come to America was Heinrich, elder brother of John Jacob. Heinrich approached the Astor heritage as a sutler in the mercenary army hired in Germany to assist the British in holding Americans for the Crown.
Those Weird Wendels
Of all the families floated to affluence by rising waves of Manhattan real estate values, the Wendels were the quietest and queerest. They lived simply on the most expensive residential site in New York City.
Values present in the golden earth of Manhattan have been created by masses, not by individuals; by time and pressure rather than intelligent action of the human will.
Golden Earth After Three Centuries
A visiting Dutch boy recently amused New Yorkers by saying that he would gladly pay double the price for Manhattan today than his ancestors paid to the Indians, which, as you will recall, was the trifling sum of $24 in trade goods.
Introductory To Art
Art the Eternal Language — The Meaning of Art—Art as an Expression of the Creative Impulse—Art as an Index of the Character of Nations, Individuals, and Epochs—The Greeks, the Italians, and the French Compared from this Point of View—Art as a Part of Our Daily Life and as the Inexorable Recorder of Our Taste and Cultivation.
The Quality Common To All Forms Of Art
ALL works of art, whether poems, musical compositions, works of architecture, or sculpture, or painting, will be found upon analysis to have fundamental traits, qualities, principles, in common, such as: Design, Proportion, Balance, Symmetry, Rhythm, Pattern, Harmony, Contrast, Taste, Style, Beauty.
The Artist
THERE is current a misuse of the appellation artist which it will be well to indicate, and remove at once the misunderstanding that results from it.
The Means Of Expression In Architecture, Sculpture, And Painting
We have thus seen that, while in Architecture, Sculpture, and Painting, the materials, means, and modes of expression appropriate to each vary widely, the same principles and qualities are common to all—and this cannot be too often repeated nor too strongly emphasized.
The Technique Of Architecture
AN intelligent appreciation of a work of art in any kind presupposes some knowledge of the processes by which it was brought into being. Those processes are not miracles, even though the building, the picture, the symphony, the statue, should seem to have been miraculously created, so beautiful it is, so hidden the means.
The Technique Of Sculpture
The sculptor's studio is usually a pretty rough sort of place, where much heavy work is done, the floor often wet and covered with clay or plaster—as far removed from the popular idea of a studio as possible.
The Technique Of Painting
IN all but exceptional and infrequent cases the painter is nowadays the product of the art school. Occasionally a painter will accept a pupil and permit him or her to work in his studio; in days past this was the usual thing.
The Technique Of Other Vehicles Of Expression
But it is an art which combines great power with the extreme of delicacy, rich velvety blacks and exquisite silvery greys; and in every generation men have been found who produced beautiful things in it—Isabey, Bonington, Roberts, Gavarni, Ropps, Whistler.
Before The Curtain
IN the preceding pages I have given some notion of the nature of art, of the artist's point of view, and of the way he does his work.
The Greeks Appear
The Greeks were so endowed. They heard the voice of Zeus in the storm, the voice of the Naiad in the purling of the brook, and saw Aphrodite born of the foam of the sea.
Periods And Personages In Grecian Art
WE may conveniently divide Grecian art into three periods—the pre-Periclean or pre-Phidian—the Golden or Periclean Age with its second blossoming after the death of Pericles—and the Alexandrian Age down to the time when Greece became a Roman Province.
The Alexandrian Age And The Greek Decline
WHILE the work of building the immense Theatre of Dionysus was still going on in Athens, Philip of Macedon passed Thermopylae in 338 B. C., established the dominion of Macedon over Greece, was assassinated two years later, and was succeeded by his son, the pupil of Aristotle the philosopher, Alexander the Great.
Rome And The Romans
At a fordable place on the River Tiber marked by seven low hills the future city of Rome was founded by a band of landless, masterless men, half brigands, half herdsmen or shepherds.
The First Millennium Of The Christian Era
The new style spread through the channels of trade and of national intercourse; it reacted upon the city of Rome itself and produced many of the Christian basilicas—the first churches built by the Christians on the general plan of the secular basilicas.
The Middle Ages
In the first period of French Gothic the ornament is rather naturalistic, in the second almost entirely so, and in the third it begins to stiffen into conventionalized types of, nevertheless, luxuriant growth.
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