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The Norman And Gothic Periods
The most important part of the Norman castle was the central keep, which served as the place of residence of the governor, and in which was situated the hall, the stores, and a chapel.
The Tudor Gothic Period
The great and solemn inspiration of the Gothic tradition, behind which was the whole power of the Church, had, after three centuries of domination, passed its zenith and its waning spirit met its final death-blow in the suppression of the monasteries by Henry VIII.
The Elizabethan Period
Perhaps the most striking feature of Elizabethan work was the extraordinary vigour it displayed, not only in the character of its carving and joinery, but in the general fertile nature of its design.
The Early Jacobean Period
There was a very close affinity between the Elizabethan and early Jacobean periods, and the two really form one continuous style in which the profusion and over-elaboration of the former period became modified during the first twenty years of the 17th century.
Panelling was probably first used in this country during the 13th century, although very little of the work of the early Gothic periods has survived to the present time.
Doors And Doorways
During the Gothic periods, when utilitarian considerations were the all-important factors in the treatment of rooms, no special attention was given to the doors.
In the houses of the Gothic period it was customary for the floor boards of the upper rooms to be visible from below between the beams supporting them, the whole "ceiling" being thus of wood.
During the periods up to the end of the 15th century the usual place for the hall fireplace was in the centre of the floor. The smoke escaped as best it could through an opening in the roof.
Practically the only type of staircase built from the Norman period to the end of the Tudor Gothic period was the spiral newel form.
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