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Art, Its Whys And Wherefores
Just as it strives to satisfy creature requirements, humanity ever seeks outlet for the expression of the inner self. Artistic effort comes fast on the heels of primitive man's new-found weapons.
The Beginnings Of Art
A TRIBAL dance was held in the clearing in the woods. Beautiful it was, and a joy to behold. Masks over men's faces made them look like queer animals. It made the children screech with glee.
Art - Neolithic Europe And Primitive America
But if, as seems not unlikely, he is of Mongolian origin, his art is not to be wondered at. Among the Mongolians art and culture appear to have been full grown from time immemorial.
Art - Egypt And Western Asia
The earliest known inhabitants of the Nile valley went about nude, tattooed and painted, like many Neolithic Europeans. Among the rocks and caves of Upper Egypt are prehistoric engravings and paintings of great interest.
Greek Architecture
GREECE, before your pillars and temples we stand in awe. We worship the pristine purity of your marble figures. Your every touch perfection breeds. From your lowliest cup posterity drinks beauty.
Greek Sculpture
Sculpture from the eighth century, B. C. on shows a very gradual development. By the fourth century it achieves beauty unsurpassed. And the secret of this high perfection lies in the fact that the Greek sculptor stayed true to type.
Roman Art
ROME ruled the earth. And then—what became of its might and glory? What becomes of all might and glory? What becomes of pomp and boast and tyrant's fist; of chains and thrones and human greed?
Rome In Its Prime And Decline
During the fourth century we see in Rome a new trend of thought and ideals. Religion and ethics take on the hues which were to develop centuries later. We find artistic allusions to a life beyond the grave.
The Dawn Of Christian Art
Outside of architecture Gothic art had about it an air of timidity and awkwardness. Representation of the nude was forbidden. This may have hindered the fullest development of art. Sculpture became mannered and complicated.
The Arts Of China And Japan
ARISTOTLE defined art as an imitation of nature. That is obviously wrong, though many still believe it. Art has its origin within the human soul, not outside it. The Greek idea associates it with a sense of order.
The Italian Renaissance
ITALIA, wherein lies the secret of your artistic greatness? Do your azure skies make clear the vision? Does your sunshine cast creative spells? —Alas, Giovanni Cimabue learned painting from a Greek.
Art - Flemish, German, Dutch And Spanish Schools
Art is beauty. It is the mirror of all that is good in life. And if as an after-effect of the World War it has in European minds become shrouded in suicidal philosophy, it is high time for a series of translations from American English into French, German and Italian.
French Painting
Almost from the first we find in French painting a different standard of values from that of any other country. We are impressed with the high degree of culture that it represents, with its aesthetic achievement.
Painting In England
We have come to the middle of the nineteenth century. We shall go no farther into English painting. If you feel that you have not had enough my object is to that extent attained. I would rather leave you a trifle hungry than overfed.
America In Color
Quite naturally American painting is at first an off-shoot of European. The earliest influence is Spanish. The first real school is in Mexico City, the Academy of San Carlos, founded by Fray Pedro de Gante in 1529.
Art Today
Matisse, for example, is the apostle of the joy of living. For his effects what matter line? What if shapes are not as we know them? He seeks results too big for petty trifles. He is after our spirit.
Modern Sculpture And Architecture
If you are desirous of knowing the various steps by which we came by our sculpture there are good books on the subject. My mission is to whet your interest in a number of branches of the vast field of art.
The House - Yesterday And Today
We want both beauty and comfort. And we get them. I need not enter into the number of baths per family, the hitherto undreamed-of electrical appliances, the tendency to luxurious roominess of living and sleeping rooms, or the great advances in heating and ventilation.
Furniture tells more than its own tale. The nomad is not likely to carry massive sofas or tables on pack horse or camel.
The Rugs Of Persia
WHAT a message you bring, oh, my Persian rug. A message both human and divine. In-comparably beautiful, the essence of refinement, yet you say to me, - Allah is perfect. With him alone is perfection. Man must not attempt it.
The Application Of Art
The principles of art employed in making a home—that is art pragmatism. I mean this literally. Costly possessions need not enter into it. The underlying principles which govern works of art may be successfully followed in creating worth-while home surroundings, in making of the home itself a work of art.
The Norman And Gothic Periods
The most important part of the Norman castle was the central keep, which served as the place of residence of the governor, and in which was situated the hall, the stores, and a chapel.
The Tudor Gothic Period
The great and solemn inspiration of the Gothic tradition, behind which was the whole power of the Church, had, after three centuries of domination, passed its zenith and its waning spirit met its final death-blow in the suppression of the monasteries by Henry VIII.
The Elizabethan Period
Perhaps the most striking feature of Elizabethan work was the extraordinary vigour it displayed, not only in the character of its carving and joinery, but in the general fertile nature of its design.
The Early Jacobean Period
There was a very close affinity between the Elizabethan and early Jacobean periods, and the two really form one continuous style in which the profusion and over-elaboration of the former period became modified during the first twenty years of the 17th century.
Panelling was probably first used in this country during the 13th century, although very little of the work of the early Gothic periods has survived to the present time.
Doors And Doorways
During the Gothic periods, when utilitarian considerations were the all-important factors in the treatment of rooms, no special attention was given to the doors.
In the houses of the Gothic period it was customary for the floor boards of the upper rooms to be visible from below between the beams supporting them, the whole "ceiling" being thus of wood.
During the periods up to the end of the 15th century the usual place for the hall fireplace was in the centre of the floor. The smoke escaped as best it could through an opening in the roof.
Practically the only type of staircase built from the Norman period to the end of the Tudor Gothic period was the spiral newel form.
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