Antiques Digest Browse Auctions Appraisal Home

Costs Of Transportation
No study of distribution and its costs can ignore transportation.
The Costs Of Advertising
Advertising is often pointed to as a conspicuous example of unnecessary cost and waste in distribution.
Credit Costs In Distribution
Credit costs form a significant part of the total cost of distribution. These costs include not only interest paid on borrowed funds but the expenses of credit departments in checking customer risks and collecting bills.
Consumer Credit
In the broadest sense consumer credit may be considered as including all credit extended to individuals, as contrasted with business firms and institutions.
Consumer Credit Costs
Consumer credit (with the exception of life insurance and other loans based on savings) costs from two to six times as much as business credit.
Effects Of Consumer Credit On Distribution
What influence has the expanding use of consumer credit had on the processes and costs of distribution?
Government Regulation Of Distribution
No STUDY of distribution and its costs can ignore the effects of the increasing intervention of government in the conduct of private business.
Laws Restricting Interstate Trade
The power of regulating interstate commerce, granted to the federal government by the Constitution, has been challenged in recent years by a multitude of state laws which constitute serious barriers to trade among the states.
Chain Store Taxes
The number of stores at which the tax rate reaches a maximum ranges from 21 to 501. Tax rates vary widely in amount as well as in the number of stores operating within the state to which the maximum rate applies.
Barriers Against Interstate Trade
The flood of state legislation restricting the free movement of goods between the states is a reflection of the world-wide trend toward economic provincialism which arose during the depression.
Some Reasons For High Costs
The costs of distribution come largely from the performance of essential functions in providing time and place utilities.
The Costs Of Competition
The competitive system gives free rein to all types of enterprise, and it is assumed that in the long run the more efficient type will survive.
Multiplicity Of Brands
He must choose among a bewildering array of labels; a host of different brands of cigarettes, toothpaste, shaving cream, cosmetics and breakfast foods are on sale in every retail store.
Competitive Advertising
What has just been said about privately branded goods does not apply to articles sold under the manufacturer's national brand.
The Consumer And Distribution Costs
The urbanization of the population, higher standards of living and the consequent refinement and elaboration of consumer tastes have been accompanied by a demand for new and costly services and a wider range of choice.
Consumer Ignorance
By the trial-and-error process of shopping, usually involving repeated visits to the store, the woman shopper may find something that will do.
The Costs Of Inefficiency
Distribution in the modern sense of merchandising and demand creation is of recent origin. It has developed rapidly an amazingly effective technique in selling a multitude of new and varied products.
Poor Management In Retailing
A relatively small amount of capital is required to start a retail business. As a result thousands of store owners poorly equipped by background, training and financial resources have been brought into the field.
Poor Planning
High selling costs are sometimes due not so much to inefficiency in performing distributive operations as to attempting an impossible task.
Conclusions And Recommendations Of The Committee On Distribution
FIRMLY ROOTED in the minds of many people is the conviction that distribution costs too much and that its wastes and inefficiencies are chiefly responsible for the high prices which consumers have to pay.
Changing Roles Of Production And Distribution
Production costs have been reduced steadily, and in some cases sensationally, over the past several decades, while there is good reason to believe that distribution costs have been rising.
Competition And The Consumer
In comparing the methods of distribution with those of production it should be recognized that competition in distribution is not as likely to lead to drastic economies in the use of labor-saving machinery and methods.
Variety And Change In Distribution
Furthermore, it should be remembered that the consumer is not compelled to patronize the kind of store that offers the most elaborate and costly services.
Is Distribution To Costly
We urge that the budget and expenditure investigations of the bureaus of Labor Statistics and Agricultural Economics be expanded.
Operating Information And More Efficient Performance
Costs of distribution and the prices consumers pay for commodities can be substantially reduced.
Control Of Sexual Dreams
First of all it is not the dreams which excite us sexually of a night, but on the contrary our sexuality which finds its expression in our dreams. Dreams are therefore a school for self-knowledge.
Modern Methods Of Sex Education
For the majority of parents and teachers the sexual life is a terrifying apparition. For sexual maturity makes young people not only energetic and independent, but often obstinate as well.
Practical Object Lessons In Sex Instruction For Different Ages
In family circles opportunity is readily found to broach the sexual question, perhaps through an event in plant-life or animal-life, or a pregnancy, or a chance remark of one of the children.
Practical Importance Of A Study Of Sexual Evolution
It is of the greatest importance to study Evolution because through it we gain a more objective foundation for our judgment. For we may see to what extent our theories correspond with the line of progress of Evolution.
How Human Sexual Life Developed
In embryology at first one only knows vegetative growth and the vegetative method of reproduction. We must now try to find out what was the first cause for the sexual method of reproduction to develop side by side with the vegetative method.
[Page: 151  |  152  |  153  |  154  |  155  |  156  |  157  |  158  |  159  |  160  |  161  |  162  |  164  |  165  | 
166  |  167  |  168  |  169  |  170  |  171  |  172  |  173  |  174  |  175  |  176  |  177  |  178  |  179  |  180  | 
181  |  182  |  183  |  184  |  185  |  186  |  187  |  188  |  189  |  190  |  191  |  192  |  193  | 
194  |  195  |  196  |  197  |  198  |  199  |  200  |  More Pages ]


Please contact us at info@oldandsold.com