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Egyptian Architecture
The architecture of Egypt has been divided into three great periods. First comes the Ancient Empire, the period of the Pyramids. The next period is called the Middle Empire, and the third, and last, of the great periods is the one called the New Empire.
The Great Pyramids
The most ancient monuments of the world, the Pyramids, were built as burial places for the kings. They consist of masses of stone and brick raised up around the chamber where the body of the king was to lie.
Egyptian Temples
We spoke of the temples as the greatest work of the Egyptians, but we shall only be able to look at them briefly.
Greek Architecture
The architecture that we know as Greek is the most perfect of all architecture, and the Parthenon, a temple at Athens, is its best example.
Greek Architecture - The Orders
The Doric order is the oldest and strongest as well as the most simple of the three Greek orders, combining with solidity and force, the most subtle and delicate refinement of outline.
Greek Architecture - Other Characteristics
Instead of covering nearly every bit of space with ornament, as the Egyptians did, the Greeks selected only the best places for it, and thus gave it its proper effect.
The Parthenon
The construction of the Parthenon was of the most solid and durable kind, and the material was marble.
Greek Architecture - Other Greek Buildings
As we look back to the Greece of the period of its great buildings, it seems to us like a vision of the distant past. And so it is. But when Phidias and Pericles and Homer looked at the monuments of Egypt, if they did look at them, they were viewing a past as old to them as theirs is to us.
Roman Architecture
Roman architecture has been called merely Greek architecture imitated with greater richness but less refinement.
Roman Architecture - Chief Characteristics
We have already spoken of the arch as the one great characteristic of the Roman style. We all know what an arch is, but, could we define it in words?
Roman Architecture - The Colosseum
The largest and most famous Roman amphitheater is the Colosseum, built on the site of Nero's Golden House by the Flavian Emperors.
Roman Architecture - The Pantheon
The Pantheon is unique in Rome in the world as a building which has been in use for nearly 1800 years and still retains its old walls and vaulting.
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