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Discovery Of The Art Of Printing
If movable types be considered as a criterion, the merit of the discovery of printing is due to Johannes Gutenberg of Mentz.
Stereotyping
In the year 1795 the celebrated French printer and type founder, Firmin Didot of Paris, coined the name stereotype for printing from solid lead plates.
A Chinese Printing Pioneer
It appears that the first attempt known to exercise a crude sort of stereotyping was made in China.
Invention Of Stereotyping
Johannes Mueller, clergyman of the Reformed Church in Leyden, Holland, discovered a new way of utilizing the art of printing by employing movable types.
The Story Of William Ged
A great advance in the newborn art of stereotyping was effected by William Ged, born 1690, died 1749.
The Clay Process
A French printer, Gabriel Valleyre, invented in 1730 a method of casting plates in molds. The method discovered by Valleyre was the so called clay process.
Polytyping And Logography
Polytyping is the art of producing by mechanical means, from engraved plates or otherwise, any number of plates capable of multiplication.
The First Commercial Stereotype Shop
In the year 1803 a printer named Pierre de Joyeuze proposed a new method of stereotyping, which consisted of making a relief mold with clay from a page composed of movable types.
The Plaster Of Paris Process
Inconveniences, drawbacks and criticisms of the plaster of Paris method of stereotyping led members of the trade to further experiments and advance in the art.
The Papier Mache Or Wet Mat Process
In the period between 1828 and 1829 the papier mache or wet mat process of stereotyping was invented.
The History Of The Newspaper
A newspaper in its modern acceptation can only be properly dated from the time when in Western Europe the invention of printing made a multiplication of copies a commercial possibility.
Newspaper Stereotyping
In 1860 James Wood of London invented a new casting box which cast the column plates flush with the type, ready to be used in a newspaper form, alongside movable type matter.
Further Experiments In The Art Of Stereotyping
Alfred Leighton, a color printer in London, took out a patent in 1864 for improvements in the construction, manufacture of printing surfaces in relief.
Stereotyping In America
The first printing in America was done in the year 1540 by the Jesuits in Mexico, the first book being a religious work entitled A Manual for Adults.
Progress In Wet Mat Stereotyping
The idea of typewriting and also of linotyping directly on a prepared paper matrix has been followed up by different inventors.
The Dry Mat, Or Cold Stereotyping Process
Just as the deficiencies and shortcomings of the plaster of Paris process led to the invention of the papier-mache process of stereotyping, thus in due time the drawbacks of the latter made the invention of a better method a necessity.
Dry Pulp For Mats
In 1888, Diedrich Schneider and Arnold Schott, of Philadelphia, invented certain new and useful improvements in stereotype matrices.
Invention Of The Dry Mat
The honor of inventing the first entirely dry mat and making a new product which constituted the basis of all later dry mats, belongs to George Eastwood, of Kingston, England.
The German "Porosin" Dry Mat
An advance step in the making of stereotype dry mats was made in 1895 by Hermann Schimansky of Berlin, Germany.
Results Of These Dry Mat Experiments
The new dry mat process of stereotyping met with an attitude of watchful waiting on the part of the newspapers in the United States.
Further Experiments In Stereotyping
In 1911 Niels Bendixen of Copenhagen invented a method of producing a special rapid drying mat for stereotyping of half tones.
The Introduction Of The Dry Mat In America
It is interesting to follow the development of the dry mat method of stereotyping in America.
Present Day Dry Mats
By their very nature dry mats at once eliminate one phase of drudgery in the foundry. That of paste mixing and pasting wet mats.
A Perfect Dry Mat
In summing up, the perfect dry mat must have all the advantages of its mother, the wet mat, excel her if possible in any particulars, and inherit none of her drawbacks.
Stereotyping Equipment
The plaster pot disappeared when the Frenchman Genoux invented papier-mache mats for stereotyping, and the paste pot and steam table began their journey to ultimate oblivion when the dry mat cold process was invented.
Where Have My Profits Gone?
Sooner or later every business man takes his pencil and tries to find out why he is not making more money. He knows the business that he is doing.
The Future Of Stereotyping
In Europe about ninety percent of all book printing and plate making is done by stereotyping and only about ten percent is electrotype work.
Six General Rules For Determining Profits
The following general rules will apply to any business and help in determining what its profits ought to be.
Business - Eight General Causes Of Losses
There are a great many rules that might be made for detecting and preventing the loss of profits.
Big Store Business Methods
Big stores are the result of organization, made possible by the concentration of capital.
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