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The Old Stone, New Stone And Metal Ages
THE people of northern countries were obliged to wear the skins of wild animals for body covering, as weaving and spinning were unknown arts.
Clothing Of The Egyptians
During this period the costuming was purely Egyptian. For authority we go to the wall paintings, bas-reliefs, statues and treasures of the tombs.
Clothing Of The Arabs
They remained in Spain for eight hundred years, influencing costume and leaving the tourist marvelous bits of architecture to revel in.
Clothing Of The Babylonians
THEIR history begins several centuries later than that of the Egyptians. The writings of Herodotus and the tablets found in excavations of ancient cities tell of their culture and learning.
Clothing Of The Medes
After the fall of Nineveh, the Medes reigned.
Clothing Of The Persians
The Persian tunic was long, with a sleeve spreading in fanlike pleats from the elbow. The dress was invariably pulled in tight about the hips, ending in elaborate and heavy draperies.
Clothing Of The Phoenicians
The Jews wore long, tight-fitting tunics with armholes or wide sleeves (made in one piece without seams, according to Josephus), having a large opening at the neck extending from breast to back.
Clothing Of The Chinese
THE Chinese, inhabitants of that vague land called "far Cathay," invented satin, velvet, brocade and silk of a peculiarly soft texture.
Clothing Of The Japanese
Many people be-came alarmed at the rapidity with which the Japanese adopted up-to-date fashions, fearing the unique beauty of their national costume would be lost.
Clothing Of The Hindus
The large class of Hindus known as snake charmers, also the coolies and the Bhils, are scantily clad, but always turbaned.
Clothing Of The Greek
The Elgin marbles in the British Museum, the collection of Grecian vases made by Hope and the writings of Homer, are the standard authorities for the costume of the Greeks in the heroic age.
Clothing Of The Etruscans
The present section of Italy known as Tuscany corresponds to the ancient center of Etruscan territory.
Clothing Of The Romans
Antiquarians dispute various details, but the tunic and the toga are conceded to have been the chief articles of attire of the very ancient Romans.
Roman Armor And Military Dress
A cloak, longer but corresponding to the Grecian chlamys, was draped over the shoulder, arm and chest. One is shown on the statue of Julius Caesar in the Capitoline Museum.
The Franks, Goths, Gauls, Celts, Teutons, Lombards And Ancient Britons
AFTER the fall of Rome the costumes worn in Italy, Spain and France underwent a change. From having been pure Roman they became, like their wearers, Italian, Spanish and French.
The Christians: Romans, Byzantines And The Monks
The men wore cloaks fastened to the right shoulder; a knee-length tunic; trousers with a broad stripe down the front tucked into laced buskins.
The Anglo-Saxons And The Vikings
These were long, loose, and strapped to the leg by a cross-gartering of cloth, linen or leather which sometimes extended to the thigh.
The Norman Period And Scottish Dress
The tunic was laced up the back, the idea of making the dress fit the figure snugly having spread from the women of the Continent.
From Charlemagne To The Thirteenth Century
THE King is represented in a long tunic, a voluminous mantle fastened to his right shoulder, a crown set on long hair, bushy mustaches and a long beard divided in two sections.
Clothing Of The Thirteenth Century
THE most sumptuous materials were being manufactured : silks, velvets, gold and silver tissue. Their use quickly spread among the wealthy on the Continent.
Clothing Of The Fourteenth Century
By shortening the surcoat, sewing up its sides and slitting open and closing the front with buttons, a tightly fitted jacket with long set-in sleeves was evolved.
Clothing Of The Fifteenth Century
LATE in the century a vast array of portraits by Titian, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and other painters guide us to the prevailing fashions of the time.
Clothing Of The Sixteenth Century
MANY copied the short-waisted, knee-length German coat century, with hanging sleeves. The stomacher or placcard was of a different color; above it a pleated shirt, low necked and edged with a tiny ruffle.
Venetian Costumes
Vecellio, a brother of Titian, wrote a book in 1589 dealing with Venetian costume ; this is recommended for all plays about the Venice of Shakespeare.
Clothing Of The Seventeenth Century
FOR the czar the costume consisted of a tunic o the ankles with fitted shoulders; a collar and full sleeves of elaborate brocade; a heavily jeweled cross of gold on a chain about the neck.
Clothing Of The Eighteenth Century
A ribbon of black silk tied loosely around the neck of gentlemen made its debut at the court of Louis XV. It was sometimes fastened to the bag of the wig.
Clothing Of The Nineteenth Century
IT had become the thing for civilized nations to follow the decree of Paris in fashions.
Clothing Of The Twentieth Century
The waist was made to blouse out over the waistline by cutting the front section much too long and wide.
Peasants Clothes
THE national peasant costume is in many countries gradually falling into disuse, and ugly imitations of the so-called European garb are being substituted.
Suggestions For Cutting Patterns
For Anglo-Saxon and Norman shirts, use pieced material as the armhole should extend to the waistline and the sleeve must be long enough to lay in wrinkles on the arm from elbow to wrist.
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