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Tone And Gradation
Tone is a word often used out of place as synonymous with harmony, but you will not so confuse the terms, for they are quite distinct in meaning.
Light And Shade
Light and shade independent of color, or what is often called chiaroscura, is a something with which you are possibly familiar in a certain way, but a few illustrations of it may not be out of place here.
Perspective And Atmosphere
Perspective is a feature of painting which we are all supposed to know something about. It is the first thing sought after by the great majority of picture viewers.
Values
We now come to the consideration of another feature of painting, intimately connected with light and shade, color, and aerial perspective, and vitally important to every picture.
Textures And Qualities
The word textures in art is applied to the rendering of the peculiar qualities of any and all objects that are shown in a painting, whether they be silks, clouds, trees, or human beings.
Drawing And Form
What knowledge have we wherewith to decide the good or bad drawing of this or that picture? What do we know about form, and what do we know about nature?
Composition
Pictorial composition may be defined as the proportionate arranging and unifying of the different features and objects of a picture.
The Object Of Art
AND now that we have examined somewhat of the language of art, it may be well to pause and inquire: What is the object of this language?
Ideas And Subjects
We have arrived at the conclusion that painting is a means of conveying to the world an artist's ideas, impressions, or emotions.
Style And Individuality
An artist's style is simply his way or manner of saying things, and in this each painter may vary from his neighbor.
Oils, Watercolors, Pastels
In conclusion, it may not be out of place to say something regarding the principal mediums of pictorial expression, such as oil, watercolor, pastel, and what they are best suited to express.
The Feeling For Beauty
Since then I have studied the picture and discovered some of the means that Raphael employed to arouse this depth of feeling, and the knowledge has helped me to find beauty in other things.
Art And Her Twin Sister, Nature
In the previous chapter we talked about beauty, and noted that there were two kinds—beauty in nature and beauty in art.
Nature Is Haphazard: Art Is Arrangement
We have seen that the characteristic of nature is abundance, while that of art is selection. Now let us note another difference between the two—nature is haphazard, art is arrangement.
Art And Contrast
IN the previous chapter we discussed balance and repetition as elements of composition. We have now to study another element that of contrast.
Geometric Composition
The elements of composition, in fact, are repetition and contrast in a state of balance, sometimes with the added charm of rhythm.
Geometric Composition
Here is another example of geometric composition. It is also by Raphael and is painted on one of the walls in the same room that the Disputes decorates.
The Action, Movement And Composition Of The Figure
When a few pages back I spoke of the movement of the figures I was using the word as artists understand it. They do not mean by it that the figure is represented as moving its limbs or body.
The Classic Landscape
When he desired the simpler kind of beauty he set his figures in lovely landscape scenery with hills and trees and winding streams ; when he was bent on grander effects, he added architectural settings.
Naturalistic Composition
We reach now another principle of composition. It is the arrangement adopted by the artist, whose motive is to make his picture represent nature naturally.
Naturalistic Composition
In The Sower, by Millet, we found that, though the composition was naturalistic, it was based upon the classic principle of rhythm of line.
The Naturalistic Landscape
Landscape had been used as a background to the figures, until in the Seventeenth Century some artists began to make it the chief subject of their pictures.
Art - Form And Color
It would seem then as if there were a distinction between these two things; that form was on one side of the fence and color on the other. Yet that would contradict our experience.
All About Color
We know that everything visible to the eye has color. When we think of a garden lawn, an im pression of green comes into our mind.
Color - Values And Subtlety
The reason was, that I wished you not to think of color as paint. Paints, or as artists call them, pigments, are only the materials that man has invented to imitate the real thing. The real thing is nature's color.
Color - Texture, Atmosphere, Tone
On the other hand, though the beauty of colors is chiefly to be found in their relations to one another, there are separate possibilities of beauty to each color.
Color And Tone
We shall frequently hear the words tone, tonal, tonality, applied to pictures. People say, for example, this picture is rich in tone; that has fine tonal qualities; another has a delicate tonality.
Brush Work And Drawing
Now that we have come to an end of our talk upon color, I must say a little about brush work. I hope to show you that a good painter may use his brush in such a way that there is quality.
Subject, Motive, And Point Of View
A fine subject may be treated in such a way as to make a very bad picture, while a good picture may be composed of a subject in which one is not particularly interested.
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