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Pottery - Strasburg
Charles Francois Hannong, whose name is prominent amongst the old French potters of Alsace, now a German province, was, about 1709, a pipe-maker in Strasburg.
Pottery - Niderviller
Niderviller has furnished documentary evidence that in 1759 a large staff was employed at the pottery, and the names of all the employes are given, with the wages each man received.
Pottery - Lille
Lille, an important town in the Nord Department, seems to have commenced its pottery works in 1696, just a year before the Peace of Ryswick concluded the war between William III of England and Louis XIV of France.
Pottery - Rennes
The fabrique at Rennes appears to have existed from the second half of the seventeenth century, but the first document relating to it is not dated earlier than 1748, when Jean Forassi, nicknamed Barbarino, a Florentine, founded a manufactory of enamelled pottery.
The Glazed Pottery Of France
All over France old potteries were working during many centuries.
Germany: Stoneware
Neither gres de Flandres nor gres flamands accurately describes the stoneware made in Germany, where the potteries, many in number, employed in their decoration the coats-of-arms of German princes, or legends expressed in various dialects of the German language.
German Faience
Nuremberg and Bayreuth made faience. We mentioned the green enamel on the stoneware of Nuremberg, and that enamel gives a distinction to its pottery which was largely employed in the making of the stoves for which it was noted.
German And Other Guilds
Why was so much of the fine pottery and stoneware of Germany and the Low Countries sent out from the manufactories without the maker's, to say nothing of the decorator's, mark? The answer will be found in the Guild system.
Pottery - Sweden, Denmark, Switzerland
In the eighteenth century, Sweden had two important potteries, Rorstrand and Marieberg, the latter being now used as a barracks in the city of Stockholm, of which they both form part, Rorstrand being absorbed as it grew.
Delft Pottery
The history of ceramic art in Holland is mainly centred in the small town of Delft, which lies about nine miles to the north-west of Rotterdam, the first seaport of that country, from which canals extend in all directions.
Delft - The Old Signs Of The Potters
To two Frenchmen, MM. Jacquemart and Havard, we owe most of the knowledge we have with regard to the artists of Delft who made the reputation of its faience.
Italy - Majolica And Luca Della Robbia
The early wares from the twelfth century onwards had a coarse body which was covered with white slip and formed the class known as mezzo-majolica, which was painted and sometimes lustred.
Pottery - Caffaggiolo
Piero de Cosimo De'Medici (1419-1469) was chief of the Florentine Republic, following his father Cosimo, whose love of letters and of art he inherited. Caffaggiolo was one of the Medici palaces, really a castle, between Florence and Bologna, where, under the patronage of Piero, decorations were carried out by Luca della Robbia.
Pottery - Diruta
Diruta, near Perugia, was one of the first Italian towns to set up a fabrique for making majolica, though the earliest ware appears to have been tin-enamelled terra cotta.
Pottery - Faenza
Scarcely any one now contends that Fayence in the Var, a few miles from Cannes, gave its name to faience, nor is it certain that the word was derived from Faenza.
Pottery - Pesaro
We learn much of the majolica of Pesaro, a seaport on the Adriatic, about four hours from Urbino by coach, through its special historian, G. Passeri.
Pottery - Castel Durante
The small town of Castel Durante lies near the city of Urbino, the capital of the province of Pesaro Urbino; but since the days of Urban VIII., who became Pope in 1623, its name has been changed to Urbania, for he was born there.
Pottery - Urbino
Passeri, in his "History of Majolica Wares," states that it was not at Urbino itself, but at Fermignano, a chateau on the banks of the Metauro, where the beautiful faience was made by artists many of whom were eminent in their profession, whose names have been preserved and honoured from the sixteenth century to our own days.
Pottery - Gubbio
The fabrique of Gubbio is one which has produced some of the most brilliant examples of ceramic art, and it is above all to Maestro Giorgio that it owes its reputation for its beautiful dishes with metallic lustres, reflets metalliques or colori cangianti.
Naples, Rimini, Monte Feltro, And Forli
The city of Naples produced large faience vases during the sixteenth and seventeenth century, having caryatide handles, mainly decorated with religious subjects in blue upon one face only.
Siena, Monte Lupo, And Pisa
Siena in the Middle Ages was the seat of a powerful republic which rivalled Florence and Pisa.
Fabriano, Viterbo, Rome
Amidst the luxury of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in Italy, the ambition or the discontent of individual artists led them away from the chief centres of the faience industry.
Venice, Treviso, Bassano, Milan, Etc.
The year 1540 approximately marks the beginnings of the production of majolica in Venice as distinguished from the commoner glazed ware of an earlier date.
Pottery - Persia And Damascus
All those wares now known as Persian, Damascus, Rhodian, and Anatolian were glass-glazed, not lead-glazed, and dated from an early period.
Pottery - Persian And Other Tiles
Tiles of various forms were used for lining walls, floors, fireplaces, etc., from an early period, and their manufacture occupied a prominent place in the potteries of all the countries where faience and stoneware were made.
Pottery - Rhodes, Asiatic Turkey, Etc.
When, in 1852, the first specimens of faience were brought to France, directly from Lindus, an ancient city in the Island of Rhodes, a reclassification of the Persian ware was necessary.
Pottery - Hispano-Moresque Ware
Of the ancient Moorish ware before the fourteenth century very little is known.
Pottery - Alcora
We are indebted to Juan F. Riano for our information regarding the manufactory of pottery and porcelain at Alcora, near Valencia.
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