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The Textile Fibers
The textiles comprise all materials that are spun into threads, cords, or yarns, and then woven or knit into cloth. There are many such substances.
Historical Sketch Of The Textiles
No one can tell when man first learned how to spin and weave textiles. That no great degree of civilization is prerequisite is evident when we see every savage tribe of the present making some kind of woven fabric.
Cotton Production
The cotton fiber comes from the seeds of the cotton plant. It varies in length from one-half inch up to two and one-half or even three inches, according to the variety and to the conditions under which it is raised.
Cotton Marketing
After the cotton has been baled, it is ready for the market. The cotton farmer of the South may sell to some local storekeeper who makes a business of buying cotton.
Cotton Manufacturing
When the cotton finally arrives at the factory, it must undergo many long and interesting processes before it is finally turned into the forms suitable for consumers' use.
Distibution And Prices Of Cotton Goods
In most cases when cotton cloth leaves a textile mill it is not in the shape in which it ultimately reaches the consumer.
Linen
Linen is probably the textile that has been longest in use. Egypt and China used it thousands of years ago.
The Classes Of Wool
Wool, the hair of the sheep, differs from ordinary hair in at least two ways. First, wool is wavy or kinky.
Wool Marketing
The American wool grower disposes of his raw wool in a variety of ways, depending upon the locality, the amount of wool offered for sale, the customs of marketing.
The Geography Of Wool Production
The raw wool markets of the world are of two classes, primary wool markets and concentration points.
Mohair, Its Nature And Uses
There are three principal sources of mohair in the world: Turkey, South Africa, and the United States.
Raw Silk Production
Silk is produced from cocoons of an insect usually and rather inaccurately called the silkworm.
Silk Manufacturing
With the possible exception of China, for which no complete statistics are available, the United States is now the largest silk manufacturing country in the world.
Imitations Of Silk
Silk, the most beautiful as well as the strongest of all textile fibers, is naturally in strong demand the world over.
Construction, Color, And Finish Of Cloth
The appearance of the cloth is a vital factor in the success of the textile business. The eye of the consumer must find the fabric attractive.
Cloth - Dyeing And Printing
The principle of dyeing can be simply stated. The coloring substances are mixed with some liquid, usually water, in proper proportions.
Cloth Finishing
Cloth finishing is one of the chief arts in the textile industry. The appearance of the goods is often of first concern, and the appearance of any fabric is largely due to the methods of finishing.
The Care Of Textiles
Not a small share of the dissatisfaction that arises among consumers of textiles regarding specific fabrics is due to lack of proper care of the cloth.
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