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Modena da Barnaba (active c.1364-c.1383)
One of the few painters of any importance from Modena, he did most of his work in Genoa. His art is based on the Byzantine style from Venice that pervaded much of northern Italy until half a century later.
Federico Barocci (1526-1612)
Umbrian painter who was born in Urbino and worked there and in Pesaro, Rome, Milan, and Genoa.
Art Period/Movement: Baroque
As a period this term refers to the art of the late sixteenth and the seventeenth century in western Europe.
Fra Bartolommeo (1472-1517)
Italian, Florentine. He was not an innovator like many of his Florentine contemporaries. Reflecting the influence of the dominating men of his time.
William Blake (1757-1827)
British painter, engraver, poet and mystic. An imaginative genius of tremendous originality, his art was not truly accepted until almost a century after his death, when he became a strong influence.
Ralph Albert Blakelock (1847-1919)
An American Romantic landscape painter whose life was marred by tragedy, he is noted for his moonlit scenes done with originality and sincere poetic feeling.
Peter Blume
Contemporary American painter who works in a style of meticulous realism with Surrealist overtones.
Bonifazio Veronese (Bonifazio de' Pitati) (1487-1553)
Venetian painter who was born in Verona and about whose identity there has been a great deal of confusion.
Richard Parkes onington (1802-28)
British painter in oils and watercolor. Showed great talent at an early age with a variety of themes and techniques but became best known as an exponent of the Romantic landscape, i.e., the landscape of mood.
Camille Bombois
French primitive painter (of the self-taught group) that includes Rousseau and Vivin. Descended from country folk, Bombois has been both a day laborer on farms and a member of a wrestling troupe.
Bassano, Jacopo (Jacopo da Ponte) (c.1510/1515-92)
A part of the great tradition of Venetian sixteenth-century painting, he avoided the monumentality and pomp of his more famous contemporaries and developed instead a style of intimate, genre translation of biblical, mythological, and historical scenes.
Gerard David (c.1460-1523)
Flemish painter born in Oudewater, but active mostly in Bruges, and the last great painter of the Bruges school.
Arthur Bowen Davies (1862-1928).
American Romantic painter born in Utica, N.Y. He began to sketch in the Mohawk Valley at an early age; after his family moved to Chicago in 1878 he studied art with Roy Robertson at the Chicago Academy of Design.
Buoninsegna di Duccio (c.1255-1319)
Regarded as the founder of the Sienese school of painting of the thirteenth century and one of the greatest masters of early Italian art.
Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641)
Flemish Baroque painter of religious and historical scenes, but most famous as a portraitist. The favorite pupil and assistant of Rubens, his style was formed by that of his master.
Bernardo Daddi (active c.1320-50)
Florentine painter who was one of the most important followers of Giotto. He matriculated in the guild of doctors and apothecaries in Florence some time before 1320 and was one of the founders of the Guild of St. Luke in 1339.
Thomas Cole (1801-48)
This most famous member of the Hudson River school was born in Lancashire, England, and worked as a textile designer and an engraver before he migrated to the U.S.
Joos (Josse) van Cleve (c.1485-1540)
Flemish painter identified with the Master of the Death of Mary who was named after two versions of that subject in Cologne and Munich.
Francois Clouet (before 1522-1572)
French court painter. Succeeded his father Jean as painter to the king and valet de chambre for the French monarchs Francis I, Henry II, Francis II and Charles IX, thus making the name "Clouet" synonymous with the best portrait painting of the century in France.
Jean Clouet (c.1486-1541)
French court painter, primarily of portraits. Father of Francois Clouet. Born in Flanders, Jean served from 1516 as court painter to Francis I at Tours and Fontainebleau, earning the title of valet de chambre.
The Glassmaker's Craft
There are several special circumstances that should be kept in mind in thinking of the early American glass industry.
Glass Characteristics And Identifications
Among the most interesting specimens of early American glass are those known as 'off-hand' pieces. These were objects blown by the workmen for their own use, for their employers, or for local people; not for general sale.
Thomas Dyott
One of the many poor boys who came to America near the end of the 18th century was Thomas W. Dyott. He began his efforts in Philadelphia as a bootblack.
Craftsmen In Clay
With carpentry and cabinetmaking, pottery-making was among the first crafts practiced on a wide scale in America.
The Potter's Craft
Before passing from the early American potters to those who flourished largely after the War for Independence, we can pause to review the actual craft or method of the potter.
Pottery Making After The Revolution
The effects of the Revolution upon American pottery-making may be considered typical of its effect upon all non-luxury manufactures.
American Pottery Chracteristics
The favorite pottery of early America was stoneware. Probably hardly a single home was without one or more pieces of it. It was put to every practical use: crocks, jugs, jars, wine-vats, churns, water-coolers, flasks, bottles, pudding dishes, milk pans, mugs, and so on.
Americans - Masters Of Iron
Sir Walter Raleigh's expedition reported the presence of iron ore on Roanoke Island, in 1585. Bogiron was shipped from Jamestown to England in 1608 and references to 'bog-iron' occur in all early American documents relating to ironwork.
American Gun Making History
The gun is a vitally important aspect of American craftsmanship. Because iron is its primary material and because the early gunsmith was often a specializing blacksmith, we can logically consider the gun in this chapter.
Crafts Today
In discussing the various separate crafts we have seen a scattered picture of the various trends toward increased or industrialized production, and a consequent lessening, in many cases, of the personal element of craftsmanship.
American Throwbacks
We may not immediately realize that even the early crafts, in more or less their original forms, still exist widely in America today.
Craftsmanship In Modern Industry
Striking a more truly contemporary note we find that craftsmanship must not be supposed to have wholly vanished from our industrial scene, as pessimists are prone to insist.
Furniture Makers In Early America
When the Colonial settlers of America had built their first rude houses they had to furnish them. Little or no furniture, mainly chests, had been brought from the home country.
Cabinetmaking In America
The second period of American furniture involves the evolution of craftsmanship from simple joining to the full status of the art and craft of cabinetmaking.
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