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Colour And Its Relation To The Decorative Idea
Colour, which is perhaps one of the most potent and certainly one of the most pleasing means of expressing ideas, is least understood.
The French Renaissance And The French Styles
Gothic art was indigenous to the soil of France. By temperament, association and practice the French people were the logical ones to accept, mature and express the Gothic idea.
The Dutch Influence, Or The Period Of Queen Anne
Dutch forms and Dutch treatment were more democratic and more varied than those found during the Tudor or the Stuart dynasties in England.
The Stuart Period And The Dutch Influence
The Tudor period may justly be said to stand for the Renaissance in England, for the Stuart period (1603 to 1689) is the most distinctly national of any of the English periods.
Interior Decorating - Balance And Movement
Balance, then, may briefly be defined as that principle by which an equalization of attractions is obtained, or by which a sense of rest, repose or finished movement is produced.
The Tudor Period - The English Styles
As it was in France so was it in England. The Renaissance was an affected style. This was also true of the Gothic in England, although the Gothic was indigenous to France.
The French Styles
This not only greatly influenced the subsequent French styles, but has been the source of inspiration in other national period forms.
Interior Decorating - Emphasis And Unity
Purposely up to this time no special stress has been laid upon those qualities in objects which furnish the power of attraction previously mentioned.
When, Where, And How To Decorate
The very term 'interior decoration' is misleading, and is the cause of much of the bad interpretation of the decorative idea for which it stands.
American Beginnings
Americans can make things. This attribute has been and is one of the primary factors in our national A 'genius'.
Antiques And Americana
These factors raise the whole issue of 'antiques,' what they are and wherein their values lie. The antique cannot be dismissed as a relic of past times appraised, as is often done, in terms of scarcity value.
What Is Craft?
Where does craft production stop and industrial production begin? The answer is not so easy as it seems.
Lamps
At first such lamps were made of iron, which soon gave way to tin. About 1860 the practice of whaling gave rise to the use of whale oil as a fuel, giving a better luminosity and a less offensive smell.
Weaving Of Textiles
The weaving of textiles is another of the more ancient crafts of mankind, and another of those essential to a pioneer society.
What The Colonists Wore
The gentlemen of Jamestown wore 'Elizabethan' clothing. It was a style which the English had derived from the Spanish, and is generally described as 'Spanish bombast.'
American Glass Makers
Glass, more than any other substance used by man, has qualities that verge upon the miraculous.
The Retierment Of Lodewyck Bamper
In Holland, Lodewyck Bamper had amassed a fortune as a merchant and ship owner. His career had been one of daring enterprise and continual success.
Glassmaker - Stiegel
In 1750 Heinrich Wilhelm Stiegel, later known as Henry William Stiegel, still later known as Baron Heinrich von Stiegel, arrived in the city of Philadelphia.
Wallpaper
The history of wallpaper manufacture in America is a relatively unexplored subject. "Painted paper" is mentioned in a Boston inventory of 1700, but this was probably imported from France or England.
American Clocks
Harland moved to Norwich, Connecticut and began making clocks. He had learned his craft in England. He first manufactured, or "assembled," a type of clock with brass works, imported from England.
Leather History
All the varied aspects of leatherwork have their roots in the occupation of the Tanner. The shoemaker, the saddle and harnessmaker, the leather tooler, the upholsterer, the parchment maker and dozens of others need his product.
Craft Aids In Transportation
The field of transportation is perilous ground for the researcher in craft to tread. In the narrowest technical sense the story of American contributions to, or influences upon, modes of transportation belongs in a study of invention, or technological processes.
American Silversmiths
Silversmithing is a craft in which we may well expect to find pride of workmanship and permanent value of the finished object at their highest. Two factors in his work set the silversmith apart from all other craftsmen.
American Silver Styles
The styles of early American silverware were dominated by New England. New England styles, in turn, were an imitation of the prevailing modes of the mother country, the more so inasmuch as silver is essentially a luxury item.
Industry Encroaches Upon Silver
The first hint of industrialization in silversmithing was the discovery of the process of silver-plating.
Bookmaking
Surely there is no more enlightened and ennobling occupation than the combination of crafts and skills that go into the making of a book. Bookmaking is a craft-art of the purest order.
Papermaking
The use of wood pulp in the making of paper had not been developed in Colonial times. Rags were the staple of the papermaker. Hand-made rag papers of widely varying quality were extensively produced in the colonies.
Bookbinding
Bookbinding is the "art of arranging the pages of a book in proper order, and confining them there by means of thread, glue, paste, pasteboard and leather."
Pewter, And Other Metals
Pewter is an alloy of copper and tin. It is of considerable antiquity as a metal, probably having been discovered at about the same time as bronze, for the two metals are approximately the reverse in components.
Brass, Copper, Tin, And Lead
Although Mr. Joseph Jenks' ironworks near Saugus, Massachusetts, in 1645, is supposed also to have been a brass foundry, very little brass work, in proportion to other common metals, was done in America prior to the end of the 18th century.
Pietro Cavallini (active c.1270-c.1334)
Roman painter and mosaicist whose work stands as the earliest attempt by an Italian to break with Byzantine formulas of representation and strike out in the direction of plastic illusion and rational space.
Edward Coley Burne-Jones (1833-98)
British painter and decorator. A Romantic and a lifelong rebel, he was associated with the later-Pre-Raphaelite movement.
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