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Early Christian Painting
Painting of the first centuries of the Christian Church has come to us in rather fragmentary state, but sufficient to reveal its basic orientations.
Egyptian Painting
Magnificent in its isolation, relatively unchanging in its taste, Egypt did not influence the ancient world as profoundly as did the shortlived Greek city-states.
Enamel
Enameling seems to have been practiced in differing fashion in all ages, but it assumed especial importance in the craft work of the middle ages.
Expressionism
A type of painting, sculpture or graphic art in which the artist tries through suggestive distortion of form, color, space and other naturalistic qualities to destroy the external reality of a given situation.
Thomas Eakins (1844-1916)
The outstanding American realistic genre and portrait painter of the nineteenth century.
Jan van Eyck (c.1380/90-1441)
One of the great masters of Flemish painting, he produced an art of cultured refinement, intellectual depth, and surpassing visual beauty.
Etruscan Painting
The Etruscans were an important early Italian people who appear to have come to Italy around the eighth century B.C. and presumably from a Greekinfluenced part of Asia Minor.
Hubert van Eyck (c.1370-1426?)
A problematic figure in Flemish painting, his existence is denied by some. Said to have been the older brother of Jan, little is known of his life except for several documents (1425-26) which list minor payments for pictures.
Encaustic Painting
Probably the most important method of painting of the ancients, both on walls and on panels.
Salvador Dali
Representing the figurative side of the modern Surrealist movement, this Spanish-born painter, illustrator and writer has single-handedly made Surrealism (see) an international commodity.
Honore Daumier (1808-79)
Satirical graphic artist and painter of the French Realistic movement. Daumier's reputation as a caricaturist obscured his standing as a painter during his lifetime.
Degas (1834-1917)
Maverick of the French Impressionist movement. Withdrawn and independent in character, Degas associated with Impressionism in its origins.
Delacroix, Ferdinand Victor Eugene (1798-1863)
Leader of the French school of Romantic painting and one of the greatest names in French art. Sensitive in taste, acutely aware of the tradition of European painting.
Albrecht Durer (1471-1528)
German painter, engraver, and woodcut artist. He was born in Nuremberg and began the study of art with his father, a goldsmith who had been trained in the Netherlands.
Jacques Louis David (1748-1825)
Painter and political figure of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic periods in France.
John Constable (1776-1837)
British painter and one of the foremost landscapist in history. Constable represents a full step forward in the modern development of landscape art.
John Singleton Copley (1737/8-1815)
The outstanding American portrait painter of the colonial period, he is believed to have been born in or near Boston, though no actual record of birth or baptism exists.
Corot, Camille Jean Baptiste (1796-1875)
French landscape and figure painter, important as a transition between the early nineteenth-century tradition of classical composition and the later Romantic sensibility toward nature.
Correggio (Antonio Allegri) (1494-1534)
Italian painter of the High Renaissance whose art combined the "disegno" (see) of Michelangelo and the chiaroscuro and sfumatu (see both) of Leonardo.
Gustave Courbet (1819-77)
Breaking with the long history of French painting, Courbet posed as a "self-taught" artist and assumed the air and accents of the provinces.
Giorgio de Chirico
Greek-born Italian painter; son of a construction engineer for railroads, which helps account for the trains and draughtsman's instruments in his pictures.
Cimabue (Cenni di Pepi) (c.1240-c.1302)
There is very little documentary evidence of the activity of this Florentine painter, though his fame in his own time and later is attested to by Dante's reference to him in comparison with Giotto and by the injudicious liberality with which Vasari attributes works to him.
Marc Chagall
Distinguished Russian-born painter of the School of Paris. Because of the natural fantasy of his style he has become known, among other things, as a pioneer in the Surrealist movement.
Development Of Painting In China
In the painted pottery of proto-historic China one may find a clue to the direction taken in later periods, for the patterns on these wares lean toward linear design and abstract motifs filled with swirling forms.
Jean Baptiste Simeon Chardin (1699-1779)
French painter of still lifes, interiors and portraits. Chardin was representative of the new middle-class taste in art of his day.
Philippe de Champaigne (1602-74)
French painter of Flemish origin. Born in Brussels, Champaigne worked with two little-known Flemings and a landscapist, Fouquiere, before coming permanently to Paris at the age of nineteen.
Michelangelo Merisida Caravaggio (c.1573-1609)
One of the revolutionary geniuses of Italian art, he was not only a key figure in the development of Baroque painting, but also the fountainhead of modern Realism.
Peter Candid (c.1548-1628)
Flemish decorative painter, active in Florence. Born in Bruges, Candid went to Italy where he was associated with Vasari in work for the Grand Duke of Tuscany.
Andrea del Castagno (1423-57)
One of the most important of the scientific group of artists active in Florence in the first half of the fifteenth century.
Frank Duveneck (1848-1919)
An American painter trained in Munich, he brought to the U.S. the broad and spirited brushwork which derives from Hals, Rembrandt, and Velazquez.
The History Of Photography
A brief history of photograhy as told in 1849.
Flow Blue
Flow blue is mainly an English transfer printed product which was begun around 1830 and was made for the middle class who for the first time could now afford to buy some form of china.
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