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Introduction To Etchings And Prints
One needs to look back only twenty years to find that most of our museums were devoid of anything that looked like a print room.
Introduction To Etchings And Prints
Two delightful stories lead us to the very birth of prints; one comes from Italy, the other from the far North. The latter tale is of an armorer, working on a fine piece of armor.
The Lithograph And The Woodcut
One of the most interesting subjects in the media of "black and white" is the lithograph. Lithography is the Cinderella of the graphic arts.
Advantages Of Collecting Prints
"Why should I collect prints and what are the advantages of collecting them over that of other hobbies?"
Print Collecting - Connoisseur Versus Amateur
One of the purposes that I am endeavoring to realize is a feeling for the ordinary print in the minds of the layman.
Print Collecting - Familiar Marks, Margins, Proofs, Bookplates, Prices
It is necessary, before proceeding farther, to know the difference between a print and an engraving so that when these terms are used they will be perfectly understood.
Albrecht Durer
We are told that Durer's father came to Nuremberg from Hungary and after working there some twelve years as a goldsmith under Hieryonymus Hopper, he married Hopper's daughter Barbara, by whom he had eighteen children.
In that thriving little city of Leyden, famous for its heroic defense against the Spaniards in 1573, the greatest of all painters, the master of etching, Rembrandt van Rijn was born on July 15, 1606.
James McNeil Whistler
This book would be incomplete without mentioning in detail something about James McNeil Whistler, one of the greatest artists since Rembrandt.
Contemporary American Etchers
IN browsing through the second volume of the Print Collectors' Quarterly for April, 1912, in the dealer's advertisement, I found such names as Van Dyck, Piranesi, Fitton, Bejot, Platt, Hague, Affleck, Brangwyn, William Walker, Whistler, Haden and Zorn.
Contemporary Foreign Etchers
To say that the three greatest living etchers are Scotchmen is not the beginning of the usual preamble to a Scotch joke. It is a definitely established fact that Sir D. Y. Cameron, James McBey and Muirhead Bone are pre-eminently masters.
Print Collecting - Chronology, Artist Versus Publisher
I have already dwelt on the subject of recommending certain specimens to be used as the nucleus of a collection. It is generally admitted that chronology must assume a most prominent part in attempting to bring about an interest in prints.
Nautical Etchers
The majority who will or have begun to collect prints is usually on the alert for a lovely, well-executed sea picture.
ETCHING (from the Dutch "etsen," to eat) is a form of engraving where the lines are bitten into the metal plate with acid.
Dry-Point (pointe-seche)
DRY-POINT (pointe-seche) is a method of engraving on copper with a hard and very sharp steel point.
Etching - Preparing The Plate For Acid
First make sure that there are no scratches on the surface of the plate. Remove any you may find with the burnisher and some olive oil.
Etching - Drawing On The Plate
Every line of the drawing should be made, bearing in mind the effect of the acid and printing.
Etching - Biting The Plate
If the plate has stood for some time after being drawn upon, it may be necessary to wash the ground in a solution of acetic acid and salt in order that the acid may bite more evenly.
Etching - Reworking Ground
Should you find, as is very probable, that some parts of the etching require more work to bring out the desired effect, proceed in one of two ways: either by putting in dry-point or by re-etching, as follows: The plate is first carefully cleaned with turpentine, ammonia, whiting and water.
Etching - Soft Ground
FOR soft ground etching melt together lard or tallow and an equal amount of etching ground. This is the proportion for cold weather.
Etching - Aquatint
In aquatint, spaces are bitten instead of lines. It is best to etch lightly the construction lines first. The plate is then thoroughly cleaned and dusted all over evenly with powdered asphaltum placed in a muslin bag.
Etching - Mezzotint
The mezzotint rocker or cradle is shaped like the rocker of a child's cradle. It is a piece of steel about 2 1/2, inches wide and 1/2, inch thick.
A First Experiment In Etching
I propose to give here only the most necessary materials required to carry a plate through to the printing stage.
Pencil Drawing And Composition
AS a preliminary to the making of pen and ink drawings or etchings, many pencil drawings should be made.
Pen Drawings
"THE pen is the piccolo flute of the artistic orchestra," as C. D. Maginnis calls it in his delightful treatise on "Pen Drawing."
Wood Engraving
WOOD-CUTTING, or wood-engraving, is a relief process. The design is drawn on or transferred to a block of wood and a knife is employed to cut away the surface of the block between the lines.
LITHOGRAPHY (writing on stone) is a method of reproduction by which a drawing is printed from the surface of a slab of limestone.
Line Engraving
ENGRAVING (gravure en tailledouce) is drawing in intaglio-i.e., with incised lines. It is perhaps the oldest known form of drawing, for even the pre-historic races have left records scratched on the surface of bone.
Pressed Glass History - Part 1
This country's contribution to the glass industry was the development of a new method of making articles from this prized material early in the nineteenth century.
Pressed Glass History - Part 2
Plates 6 inches in diameter were important in most patterns. Some had plates in two or three sizes up to 10 inches in diameter. The more sizes plates were made in, the greater the popularity of the pattern, experts say.
Pressed Glass History - Part 3
Pressed glass bread trays with patriotic decoration were probably first exhibited at the Centennial Exposition. They also were given as premiums at grocery stores and bakeries.
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