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River Boat Glass
A type of glass belonging solely to the Pittsburgh area is the so-called River-boat ware.
Vogue For Pictorial Bottles
Collectors and historians can be grateful to the Connecticut businessman who is reported to have thought of decorating bottles with men and scenes from American history.
"Doctor" Dyott Bottles
"Doctor" Dyott, an early dispenser of patent medicines in Philadelphia, made use of bottle molds to advertise himself and his products. By the time of the Civil War, patent medicines, tonics, or nostrums were very popular and bitters bottles (as the containers are called), became a staple product in many glass factories.
Popular Pressed Glass Patterns
In the late 1830s, times were bad and since lacy ware required expensive molds, it was gradually replaced by simpler patterns.
Antique Pressed Cup Plates
The first articles to be pressed were those which were easy to make, particularly salts, knobs, and shallow dishes which included the little cup plates.
Lacy Ware Glass
As in the case of Blown Three-mold, the first pressed glass was made to compete with or imitate cut glass.
The Antiqe Booze Bottle
As in the case of bitters, bottles began bearing advertisements of the product they contained. In 1860 a distiller, E. G. Booze of Philadelphia, sold his whisky in a log cabin bottle bearing his name, address, the word "whiskey," and the date 1840.
The Soda-Lime Glass Formula
Pressed ware from about 1870 on changed in both quality of design and in composition. In 1864 William Leighton of Wheeling, West Virginia, formerly from the New England Glass Company of Cambridge, brought out a formula which omitted the expensive ingredient of lead.
Pattern-Molded Flasks And Pictorial Bottles
Pattern-molded pocket flasks, such as those made in Manheim and later in the Midwestern houses, are of particular interest because of their charm and comparative rarity.
The Victorian Era In Glass
The term "Victorian" does not designate a particular style but rather a period characterized by ornateness, overdecoration, and a kind of stuffiness.
Multiple-Decorated Glass
Soon after the Civil War, acid baths or sprays were used in various ways to decorate both blown and pressed ware. The terms "Camphor," "Satin," and "Frosted" have been applied to this glass, but Frosted is more generally accepted.
Notes On Book Collecting
Just what is book-collecting, anyway? It's a fair question, because fabulously high prices and extremely' rare books are what make news in collecting, and the impression has gotten around that you have to be a scholar or a millionaire or both to collect.
Medieval New York
Describing Manhattan as "Medieval" as I have in the title to this article, will no doubt seem highly inaccurate.
Glassmaking And Decorating
Until the twentieth century there have been few major developments in the art of glassworking. After the introduction of the blowing iron about the first century B.C., there was no comparable invention until the pressing machine in the nineteenth century.
The New Art Glass - Tiffany
The struggle for a new decoration for glass probably began when the art of glassmaking started. In 1907 Edward Dillon, in his book, Glass, considered artificial iridescent coatings among the fantastic methods for extrinsically decorating glass.
Glass Techniques And History
The difference between cut glass and engraved glass lies in the size of the wheel used for cutting the decoration and in the finishing process.
Tiffany-Type Glass
The Union Glass Works at Sommerville, Massachusetts, attempted the new ware under the name Kew Blas. Before the Boston and Sandwich Works closed, experimental pieces were made there but never marketed.
T.G. Hawkes And Company
In 1880 Thomas G. Hawkes set up a cutting shop in Corning. He bought his fine handmade blanks from the Corning Glass Company. By 1886 the Hawkes Company was making glass for the White House In 1889 two of their cut glass patterns won the Grand Prize in the Paris Exposition.
Pittsburgh Glass
While people living along the eastern coast demanded and bought imported ware, those west of the Alleghenies found the crystal cut in Pittsburgh of excellent quality and much less expensive.
Collecting Ashtrays
Of the many souvenirs the Herman Ewers of Wichita, Kans., and Cascade, Colo., have brought home from their travels through more than 70 countries, the commonest of all, ashtrays has proved the most fascinating.
Terms A Glass Collector Should Know
Applied handle or decoration. Formed with a separate gather of hot metal which is applied to the body of the article.
Reproductions
A large number of reproductions, especially in pressed ware, are being manufactured. Those sold with the factory label are usually found in department stores or gift shops.
Molds For Glass
Making patterns in glass by means of molds is an old and popular method. This is accomplished by either blowing, pressing or pouring the hot metal into the mold. As soon as the blowing iron was invented, glass was blown into clay molds which not only shaped the object but gave it a pattern.
Collect For Fun
Fortunately the satisfaction of collecting is not necessarily based on the age of articles nor on workmanship nor on former use. Whether you collect Renaissance Venetian, Anglo-Irish, Blown Three-mold, or pressed glass of the 1890s, your enthusiasm and joy of ownership can be the same. That is as it should be, for collecting brings its own satisfaction.
Collecting Antique Glass
Everyone, it seems, has the urge to collect either something modern or antique. A tablesetting of pressed ware of the 1880s or a cabinet of lovely old American glass will please different people.
Impressionist French Pictures
Barbizon school of painters ; at the sale of the Gabbitas Collection such a panel by Diaz sold for 504- Corot, Millet, Rousseau, Daubigny, Diaz, and others were the founders of the School, settling down at the village of Barbizon in the forest of Fontainebleau, to paint de lightfully.
That Morland Of Yours
A picture of pigs, isn't it ? George Morland was Par excellence the painter of pigs. I hope it is genuine, that " Morland " of yours ; but-have you closely compared it with the authentic Morlands in the public galleries at Trafalgar Square, Nottingham, Birmingham, Cambridge, Bath, Glasgow, Leicester, Manchester, or South Kensington?
Buying Old Paintings
That one can now and then acquire a fine old oilpainting cheaply I know quite well. Such real chances occur, but occur much more seldom than most people with a passion for picking up old oil-paintings suppose ; most of the seeming chances which occur are, believe me, not worth the accepting.
The White Spire
In a whole class of oil-paintings you see it, the white spire so slim and graceful and tall; standing up out of a mass of buildings ; standing up out of a mass of trees ; or deep in the distance, standing up into the sky.
Old Water-Colour Work
When the little dealer had packed together the fine David Cox sketch, 12 inches by g, the two large Tudor exteriors by Nash, 16 by 12, and the unfinished bit by Copley Fielding, he handed them to his customer, took the L3 8s.
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