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Victorian Majolica
One of the popular wares on the present-day market is the majolica made in England and America from about 1850 to the end of the century. Its naturalistic plant and animal motifs molded in relief and splashed with bold color and glaze are especially attractive for informal dining-table use, but figures and small decorative articles were also made in Victorian majolica. There is a great deal of this ware on the market and the prices are comparatively reasonable.
Wedgwood Queensware and Its Imitators
QUEENSWARE, OR CREAMWARE, is a creamy white pottery which was made in the last half of the 18th and the early 19th century. It was a utilitarian ware made in complete dinner sets and is available today in its various forms either pierced and gilt, transfer printed, or hand painted. You may collect the fine old pierced or perforated pieces, the popular transfer historicalevent Liverpool ware, or plates with hand-painted borders; a more modest collector may be interested in the jelly or blancmange molds.
Extremely light and eggshell thin, the hard parian ware of Belleek became very well known due to its surface which displayed an iridescence likeness to mother of pearl. The Belleek Pottery was established in Ireland in the late in 1857, by Robert William Armstrong, a London architect whose interest in ceramics had been peeked when his professional duties brought him in contact with Kerr and Co., Royal Porcelain Works, Worcester.
American Rockingham Ware
IF YOU ARE looking for an "antique" interest within your budget start with a Rockingham "Rebekah at the Well" teapot or an old brown bean pot of Rockingham ware. Display the stuff in your kitchen and use it everyday, but when you advance to a marked Bennington pitcher or a Toby jug, put it in a glass case under lock and key. This one-time utility kitchenware is fast coming to the attention of collectors.
American Stoneware Pots and Jars
THE COLLECTOR interested in quaint and homely American objects will find the fat, sturdy jugs, pots, and crocks of stoneware suited to his taste. There are many available today and the market values are reasonable except for articles made by a few of the early potters, but even these may be located where they may be bought cheap. Stoneware is made from gray and tan clays which vitrify at a strong heat to form a nonporous base, which was glazed by throwing a handful of common salt into the kiln.
American Tobies
TOBY JUGS WERE first made in England in the 18th century. The Toby jug is a caricature of a fat man with shoulder-length curly hair. The figure is usually seated and wears a three-cornered hat and holds a pipe or ale mug in his hand.
Children's plates were not made in so many different patterns. Most of the plates are later in date, and the majority of them illustrate a story or maxim. A few early ones are found with illustrations of mother and child, but the popular plates are the alphabet type which have become increasingly popular with collectors the last few years.
Children's Mugs
CHILDREN'S MUGS of the 19th century are interesting to present-day collectors. There are many types of mugs, from those with cheap transfer prints and rhymes and jingles, which are collected as a relic of a passing day rather than for any beauty they may possess, to the fine early decorated creamware mugs of Leeds, Bristol, and Liverpool, as well as a variety in lusterware.
Pratt Ware and Pot Lids
ONE OF THE oldest Staffordshire pottery works was that of Felix Pratt at Fenton, which was in operation continuously from 1775 to 1885 - Of the many different kinds of pottery made by Pratt and his successors two types are especially popular with present-day collectors. The attractive and colorful cream-tinted earthenware jugs and mugs with relief decoration have long been known as Pratt ware, although they were also made elsewhere in Staffordshire, as well as at Leeds, Castleford, and several other potteries.
American Chalkware or Plaster-of-Paris Figures
CHALKWARE IS A misnomer for figures made of plaster of Paris. These naive figures of animals, fruit, men, and women were made and sold throughout the country in the 18th and 19th centuries. More have been found in the Pennsylvania Dutch country than anywhere else and for that reason for some vears all chalkware was considered Pennsylvania Dutch.
Brass, Iron, and Copper Cooking Utensils
THE EARLIEST American inventories of about 1634 list many of the household articles then in use. Kitchen utensils of metal included brass and iron pots, frying pans, kettles, skillets, baking pans with covers, iron pothooks and hangers, and brass skimmers.
English and American Trivets and Sadiron Holders
TRIVET IS ONE of those words that brings up a picture-a romantic picture of a fireside, burning logs, shining brass firedogs, and a brass trivet on the hearth with perhaps a pot of tea, two armchairs at the hearthside, snow outside the windows. The reader may finish the story to his own liking, and if he is a collector of trivets, I wager he has spun many such tales about these fascinating pieces of iron, brass, or copper.
Iron And Brass Door Knockers
Another article of interest to the collector of metal household articles is the door knocker of iron or brass. Simple hand-wrought iron knockers with a ring and plate were used in the 17th and 18th centuries in America, England and in the various countries of continental Europe.
Iron, Brass, and Copper Andirons, Door Knockers, Candlesticks, Warming Pans, and Bellows
For the collector of iron, brass, and copper there are many different household articles available, including door knockers and andirons of iron and brass, candlesticks and snuffers, and warming pans as well as bellows made of brass, wood, and leather. All of these articles are available and most of them reasonable in price.
American Brittania Ware
Britannia was first made in America in about 1810, but we cannot be sure of its first American maker. Ashbil Griswold of Meriden, Connecticut, (1807-1835), was one pewterer who made early Britannia, according to a letter in the Diary of William Bentley D.D., now in the Essex Institute.
Bed Warming Pans
One of the most interesting articles for the collector of brass and copper is the warming pan. Warming pans are quite plentiful and reasonable in price. English, Dutch, and American warming pans are to be seen in shops today and except for the rare marked piece it is hard to distinguish one from another.
Fireplace bellows made of wood, leather, and brass and decorated with painting, turning, and carving are available in antique shops today. Bellows of some kind date several centuries back, but any bellows found today date no earlier than the 18th century and most of them were made in the 19th century.
Britannia Ware English
FOR MANY YEARS our corner cupboard has held a decorative old pewter teapot with incised decoration and acanthus-leaf feet. On the bottom is the stamp "1669." Of course we knew that it wasn't the date, but Mother always said, "That is an old pewter teapot that I got from your father's family in Scotland." She also had a pewter pitcher which came from the same relatives, and it is marked "James Dixon & Sons 4868P1/Z" on its base.
The brass candlesticks used to have a place of honor on the candlestand by a comfortable armchair or at the four corners of a game table. They vary enough in design, following the influence of the various periods of decoration, so that a group makes an attractive display.
Hochst China
At the faience factory of Hochst, a town governed by the Archbishop-Elector of Mainz, attempts to produce hard paste porcelain were made as early as 1720 but no success attended these efforts until 1746 when A. F. von Lowenfinck, a painter who had left Meissen, brought thither the secrets of porcelain manufacture.
Capo di Monte
The Capo di Monte porcelain factory was established by Charles III, King of Naples, and installed in the palace of Capo di Monte in 1743, where it continued in operation till 1759, when Charles III succeeded to the throne of Spain and left Naples.
Coin Glass
The original Wheeling "coin glass", produced in 1892, was stopped in its manufacture by the United States Government. The Treasury Department declared that this pressed glass bearing prints of coins made from moulds fashioned from silver coins was counterfeiting.
Mennecy-Villeroy China
The factory of Mennecy-Villeroy was started in 1735 by Francois Barbin under the patronage of the Duke, Louis-Francois de Neufville de Villeroy, one of the great nobles of the Court of Louis XV.
Orleans China
The Orleans porcelain factory, under Sieur Gerreault, began its career in 1753 with the Duc de Penthievre as its patron, the same nobleman whom we have already met extending his protective interest to the factory at Sceaux, although his patronage at Sceaux was not exercised till many years later.
The Expressionists
The world war affected painting in several ways in addition to depriving it of a number of its practitioners. If artists reflect their times, the task of post-war painters was clearly cut out for them.
Battersea And Bilston Enamels
Some day or other, when Mr. Ward Usher's treasures are arranged in the Municipal Museum he has founded in Lincoln, there will be an opportunity of looking at some of the most beautiful bits of Battersea enamel that have ever been collected.
Cakes And Ale
Eating and drinking occupy a considerable amount of special concern, especially at Christmas-time, and it might interest some persons, especially younger members of the family, if the question of collecting, or at least bringing together, with various articles of food received some attention with local connections.
Old Furniture
In view of a recent action in the Law Courts, it may be well to give some hints to my readers concerning the purchase of old English furniture.
Sheffield Plate
Amongst objects of domestic utility, few have so rapidly increased in value within the last few years than those made in Sheffield in a period which extended down to 1790, and known as Sheffield plate.
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