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Paperweights Millville Rose
The glass paperweight known as the Millville Rose had for its origin a technique probably first used by the old Venetian glass workers. It was that of embedding a pattern of colored glass within a casing of clear glass. The process became known in other parts of Europe and was finally introduced in America by the skilled craftsmen imported by such glass houses as Sandwich and Cambridge in the second half of the nineteenth century.
Overlay Glass
Although the technique of overlay glass dates back to Roman days, its popularity in the modern world dates from the Victorian era. Extensive production of this glass originated in Bohemia, spreading later to France, Belgium, and England.
American Antique Silver, Marked and Unmarked
Practically all antique American silver, the work of craftsmen who plied their trade for better than two centuries, is marked. The touch marks at first were one or two initials, sometimes with a small device added. Later, from about 1760 to 1870, many silversmiths used their surnames, with or without initials.
Early American Politics in Glass
In addition to their personal and sentimental interest, there are certain heirlooms which have added appeal because they mirror important happenings of their day. In glass there are such examples as the rare Constitution cup plate which was made at Sandwich in 1830 and reflected the furor of public interest that followed publication of Oliver Wendell Holmes' poem, "Old Ironsides" ; the Jenny Lind flasks, celebrating the spectacular tour of the "Swedish Nightingale" here in 1850 as staged by the showman, P. T. Barnum; the Flora Temple flask, blown in 1860 after this mid-nineteenth century star of the race track had defeated the favorite, George W. Patchen, in a trotting match at Union Course on Long Island.
Rare American Silver Spoons
IT SEEMS UNLIKELY today that clearly marked spoons by American silversmiths of the seventeenth or eighteenth centuries should be found in an old shoe box with an assortment of much later and very battered silver. But that is just what happened only a few years ago when two spoons, were found.
Rare American Silver Spoons
From the Middle Ages on, the silver spoon has been a symbol of a certain standard of living. "Born with a silver spoon in his mouth," has long indicated a person who began life shielded from the harsh winds of poverty. Silver spoons were among the first investments made by English yeomen or the early American colonists to mark a change in their social status as they struggled up from meager beginnings.
A Unique Repair of Broken Goblets
All who have antiques about their homes are faced at one time or another with the repair problem. A favorite possession is broken or damaged. Can it be repaired? Will the result be worth the expense? Might the owner do it himself? Generally, except for collectors who have well-equipped workshops, genuine skill, and an ability to do work of professional quality, it is advisable to have the work done by a specialist.
STIEGEL GLASS
Henry William Stiegel came to Philadelphia from Cologne, one of the famous glass centers of Eighteenth Century Germany. He set up his first glasshouse at Elizabeth Furnace in 1763. In 1765 work began in his second glasshouse at Manheirn, and glass blowing begun in the third and largest glasshouse at Manheim in 1769.
BLOWN THREE-MOLD GLASS
ONE of the types of American glass especially popular today is blown three-mold glass. This glass was made at glass works in different sections of the country between 1820 and 1830. It was made to compete with the demand for foreign cut glass; in fact the patterns are the same or variations of those on English and Irish cut glass.
CUT AND ENGRAVED TABLEWARES AND PRESSED GLASS
FROM the end of the Eighteenth Century to about 1820 when glass cutting became a commercial production of many glass factories, a great number of fine engraved and cut glass pieces were made in small shops by individual craftsmen who cut and decorated blanks made elsewhere.
LATE NINETEENTH CENTURY GLASS AND PAPERWEIGHTS
FROM the technical standpoint much fine glass was made in America in the late Nineteenth Century. However, the general deterioration of taste prevalent at the time invaded the glass industry, and although the glass made was beautiful in color and unique in effect, most of late Nineteenth Century glass is fancy and Victorian in form. There are types of fancy or "art" glass, as some of it was called, that are well worth collecting. Prices are not high, and there is a great deal of this glass available.
Early Imported Silver
There were capable silversmiths in America from the middle of the seventeenth century. The earliest of them naturally had to combine their calling with one or more other trades to make a living in a land so newly settled but, by the beginning of the eighteenth century, many of the 200,000 Americans living along the Atlantic seaboard were prosperous enough to afford some silver in their homes.
Electroplated Silver, Successor to Pewter
Pewter was the poor man's silver in America from the mid-seventeenth century to about 1850. During these two hundred years, workers in this perishable alloy were, like the silversmiths, craftsmen who served lengthy apprentice ships and then worked at their trade, producing articles and shapes akin to those of silver but simpler and plainer in decorative detail.
Myer Myers, Famous New York Silversmith
Although silversmiths in the other colonies of eighteenth-century America followed English forms and styles closely, those of New York were influenced first by the Dutch and then later by the English. The result was a style combining both Dutch and English features. The workers were of varied national strains-Dutch, English, French, and occasionally Hebrew.
Paul Revere, Patriot and Silversmith
For a full century the Boston News Letter carried advertisements of the silversmithing business of Paul Revere, father and son. The elder, christened Apollos Rivoire, was born in 1702 on the Isle of Guernsey of Huguenot parents. When only a lad of thirteen he arrived in America, landing in Boston where he was apprenticed to the leading silversmith and engraver of the first paper money used in the Colonies, John Coney (1650-1722).
What Is Sheffield Plate?
There are two satisfactory substitutes for solid silver-Sheffield plate and electroplate. The first was made in Sheffield, England, from about 1750 on, the other a full century later. The eighteenth-century plated ware came into being by accident when Thomas Boulsover of Sheffield in mending a broken knife handle unintentionally fused silver and copper.
Clipper-Ship Prints
The picture that started Nathaniel Currier on his career of publishing colored prints was of a ship "The Awful Conflagration of the Steam Boat Lexington." This occurred, January 13, 1840, on Long Island Sound and Currier lithographed it as a half-page illustration for the New York Sun. It was followed by more than three hundred other prints of all kinds of vessels clippers, steamships, and river craft. Those of the fast clipper ships form a distinct group.
A Currier And Ives Masterpiece
FROM THE BEGINNING to the end of its long publishing career, the firm of Currier & Ives was keenly aware of what the public wanted. In 1861, when the Civil War had taken so many men from the farms to the battlefields, they published a number of peaceful genre prints which had great appeal as an escape from the prevailing war hysteria. One of the best of these is the colorful "Husking".
Durrie and The New England Farm
The scenes of childhood have always had a nostalgic appeal whether celebrated in song or shown on canvas. During the nineteenth century, prosperous settlers of the Middle West were prone to view the eastern country scene through a rosy mist of memory. Paintings and lithographs of the period usually depict a farm scene with rolling hills in the background and a friendly little house, a brook, a dog, and various signs of rural life in the foreground.
Hester Bateman, Woman Silversmith
Up to fifty years ago, England was a man's world. Women had few rights that husbands and male relatives could not invade. Only a Queen, like Elizabeth I, occupying the throne in her own right, was free of this masculine domination. Otherwise, law and custom gave men control of all property and rendered them superior beings to be obeyed without question by their women folk.
In A Canadian Kitchen
ANTIQUES are a way of life with Mrs. Faith Grant of Victoria, British Columbia. The 20-room house which she rescued from certain demolition a few years ago is today filled with the treasures-chiefly eighteenth century-of a lifetime as a collector and dealer.
Collecting Mechanical Banks
When I seriously began collecting penny banks eighteen years ago who would have thought that they would one day be a leading collector’s interest!
Victorian Berry Bowls And Epergnes
Centerpieces used as table decorations have varied through the ages. Casters with movable figures and trees with singing birds in the branches were fancied by hosts and hostesses of the Middle Ages. At the time of the Renaissance, there was a vogue for miniature ships and figures of men or animals and silver statuettes, while porcelain figures and groups enlivened the tables of the Rococo period. Silver epergnes were at, first long and low with a !bowl in the center and sweetmeat dishes on either end.
New England Slat Back Chairs
A few years ago, when I had more time than money to spend at auctions. about the only thing that regularly fell my way was an old silat-back chair. I used to bid fifty cents or a dollar on the broken remains of these once sturdy chairs just to help the auctioneer out.
Old Time Recipes
Here are some of George Washington's favorite recipes, which are taken from "Martha's Historic Cook Book," a stout little volume, yellowed by age, and now one of the prized possessions of the Pennsylvania Historical Society, Martha was an excellent cook and here are some of the dishes that were prepared by the original First Lady in her' colonial kitchen at Mount Vernon.
Prints By Le Blond
So many persons are interested in the prints executed under Baxter's license by Le Blond that some brief information concerning them is worth noting down.
Old Wedgwood
It is pleasant to find that English connoisseurs are again beginning to collect Wedgwood ware.
Dinanderie
As the metal work which originated at Dinant was bronze, and not brass, Dinanderie is a phrase that should only be applied to objects wrought in bronze, although it certainly has been used in later days in connection with other metals, specially copper and brass.
Autographs
The collector of autographs has one special advantage over almost all other collectors; an advantage, by the way, that he shares with the collectors of illuminated MSS.
Blue And White Porcelain
Hardly anything is so decorative in a house as Chinese porcelain of blue and white, especially when placed against dark walls or oak furniture, and yet, oddly enough, it had not been collected in serious fashion in England until after the middle of the nineteenth century.
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