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HISTORY. With the assistance of the "arcanist" Ringler, who has already appeared on several other occasions, Carl Eugen, Duke of Wurtemberg, established the hard paste porcelain factory at Ludwigsburg in 1758. The factory was maintained by liberal subsidies and highly creditable work was produced, but after the death of Duke Charles in 1793 a decline set in and the manufacture was finally given up in 1824.

THE BODY. The Ludwigsburg paste was made of impure materials from Passau and, in consequence, always had a yellowish-grey tinge very different from the glistening, strident white of the Dresden body. Incidentally, though not considered so technically perfect, it is much mellower and more pleasant to look at.

THE GLAZE. The glaze was of fine quality, transparent and clear.

ARTICLES MADE AND CONTOUR. All the usual kinds of tableware and decorative accessories were made, and likewise groups, figures and statuettes both glazed and in biscuit. The contours ranged from those prevalent in the Rococo age to the later Neo-Classic and Empire forms.

TYPES OF DECORATION. Patterns moulded in low relief, in the usual devices previously mentioned in connexion with the wares of other German factories, played an important part in Ludwigsburg decoration, and likewise modelling in high relief, the attached reliefs being colored and gilt. The painted decoration was of excellent quality and the motifs embraced landscapes, figures, flowers , wreaths, garlands, birds and butterflies, and occasionally exquisitely painted beetles were also introduced. Lilac was a favourite monochrome colour and sometimes small scattered flowers were thus presented. The modelling and decoration of the figures were of rather exceptional merit.

THE MARKS. The usual mark was the cypher of the reigning duke surmounted by a ducal crown. The cypher of Duke Charles was two C's, back to back and inter laced, in monogram. Sometimes the Wurtemberg shield charged with three antlers appears as a mark. The presence of a crown has led to the erroneous name "Kronenberg" sometimes applied to this ware.

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