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VAUX CHINA - 1770-?

HISTORY. Records regarding the porcelain factory at Vaux, near Meulan, are by no means as full as might be desired. In 1770, an hard paste porcelain factory, man aged by Sieur Moreau, was in operation there. It has been said that Hannong had some concern with the founding of this establishment, but apparently there is nothing whatever to warrant such a statement. Certainly the character of the china produced would not tend to confirm such an opinion, for wherever Hannong was in control the porcelain produced seems to have been of inferior quality, while the porcelain of Vaux had a splendid white body, the wares were excellently potted, and the gilding and painting, executed in the prevalent manner of the time, left nothing to be desired. The mark used was two crossed "V's".

FABRIQUE DE LA COURTILLE CHINA-1773-1794 HISTORY. Locre established the Fabrique de la Courtille, in the rue Fontaine-au-Roi, in 1773 with the express intention of imitating the porcelain made in Germany. Almost from the outset this factory made a large quantity of china, including tableware, a considerable number of show pieces such as large and important vases, and a number of biscuit groups and busts.

About 1784 Ruffinger joined forces with Locre and the establishment gained such a conspicuous position that in 1787 it was numbered with the works that were of enough importance to be allowed to operate, although they enjoyed no specific authorisation. It was in this factory, in 1790 or thereabouts, that the process of casting was first employed in France in the making of hard paste porcelain. In 1794, presumably owing to the disturbances of the Revolution, the business came to an end. It seems to have been revived later, but only china of a very commercial type was made.

THE BODY. The body was an excellent and pure white hard paste and the biscuit was of equally good quality with the glazed ware.

THE GLAZE. The glaze was clear and brilliant.

ARTICLES MADE AND CONTOUR. Fine dinner services, tea, coffee and chocolate services, dessert services, candlesticks, sconces and all the usual small articles in common demand at the time were made; also ornamental vases and fine modelling in biscuit ware.

TYPES OF DECORATION. The decorative repertoire embraced arabesques in the Pompeian manner, often on coloured grounds, little flowers and other motifs in the style of the period for tableware, and modeled ornament. In connexion with the bases of biscuit ware there were sometimes vermiform applications in white slip, and some of the later porcelain produced was painted like agate.

THE MARKS. The mark was two crossed torches; the biscuit pieces bear the same mark or else the words "Locre a Paris," or "Fabrique de la Courtille."

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