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RUSSIAN AND POLISH CHINAWARE
ST. PETERSBURG CHINA-1744
The Imperial Russian china factory was established in i7¢¢ under Christoph Conrad Hunger who had managed the Vezzi factory in Venice for five years and had also gained his experience at Meissen, Vienna and elsewhere. Under his regime little was produced and he was soon succeeded by other directors. Until 1753 little was produced but small articles such as cups, saucers, jugs, and snuff boxes which were used as presents from the Court, although some statuettes were made as early as 1752.
A great change took place about 1763 when the products became partly commercial. The factory was continued under Imperial control.
There were two grades of ware made, the body of one being pure white and of the finest hard paste quality, the other being not pure white and of somewhat variable tinge. The glaze was good. Besides tableware and splendid vases, figures were produced both glazed and in biscuit. At first all the decoration was in the Dresden manner with "gold Chinamen," and monochrome landscapes and flowers in purple or green with gold or black. Later the range of colours increased and there were scenes from daily life, landscapes, animals, and multi-colored birds and flowers. Most of the decoration was in a very gorgeous manner and highly elaborate, the best manners of Dresden and Sevres being closely followed.
The china was marked with the Imperial Russian eagle and with the initials or monograms of the rulers, either impressed in the paste or painted in black or gold. There were also china factories in Moscow and at Korzec in Poland where not a little good china was made and decorated in an acceptable and highly characteristic manner.