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History Of Roseville PotteryAuthor: Albert Christian Revi
( Article orginally published April 1968 )
Roseville pottery is very "late". The plant did not close until 1954 and at least some art pottery was made to the end of its days; but pieces made between 1900 and 1930 are being quietly collected today as "antiques of tomorrow."
George F. Young began his potting career in Roseville, Ohio, making painted flower pots and cuspidors. In 1898 he moved his Roseville Pottery to nearby Zanesville and began to compete with Weller and Owens in art pottery lines. His "Rozane" marked with a rose in a circle and the name "Rozane Ware" duplicated Lonhuda and Louwelsa. His other Rozane lines, like "Rozane Fugi" and "Rozane Mongol" - the name was coined from Roseville and Zanesville - aped various successful wares of his competitors.
Not until Roseville brought out their "Donatello" line, decorated with cherubs and fluted borders, during World War I, did Roseville take the lead.
In the late 1920s Roseville's mat glazes won them reputation. This line can be credited to designer Frank Ferrell, who went to work at in Roseville in 1918. Designs were mainly conventional flowers and fruit in pastel colors, raised on pebbled ground of grey, tan, or white. These dull mat-finished pieces are what most people associate with Roseville and recognize on sight. Early pieces are marked in rasied letters on the bottom, "Roseville U.S.A." Later pieces had paper stickers, most of which have long since been wasted away.
The Pine cone design, which Roseville produced for 15 years, was one that Weller had rejected when Ferrell, who worked for him. (It was revived in cheapened form in 1952.)
After the depression of the 1930s, Roseville concentrated on its commercial wares, and its art pottery diminshed to minimum, cheaply made. Norris Schneider's chapter in Zanesville Art Pottery is practically the only research available.
Further information about Roseville Pottery:
The Roseville Place
History Of American Stoneware Pots And Jars
The Roseville Pottery Exchange